reference : Quantifying the influence of climate on human conflict

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract A rapidly growing body of research examines whether human conflict can be affected by climatic changes. Drawing from archaeology, criminology, economics, geography, history, political science, and psychology, we assemble and analyze the 60 most rigorous quantitative studies and document, for the first time, a striking convergence of results. We find strong causal evidence linking climatic events to human conflict across a range of spatial and temporal scales and across all major regions of the world. The magnitude of climate's influence is substantial: for each one standard deviation (1sigma) change in climate toward warmer temperatures or more extreme rainfall, median estimates indicate that the frequency of interpersonal violence rises 4% and the frequency of intergroup conflict rises 14%. Because locations throughout the inhabited world are expected to warm 2sigma to 4sigma by 2050, amplified rates of human conflict could represent a large and critical impact of anthropogenic climate change.
Author Hsiang, S. M.; Burke, M.; Miguel, E.
Author Address Program in Science, Technology and Environmental Policy, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.
DOI 10.1126/science.1235367
Date Sep 13
ISSN 1095-9203
Issue 6151
Journal Science
Keywords Climate; Climate Change/ statistics & numerical data; Conflict (Psychology); Crime/ statistics & numerical data; Humans; Literature Based Discovery; Violence/statistics & numerical data
Language eng
Notes Hsiang, Solomon M Burke, Marshall Miguel, Edward Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. United States Science. 2013 Sep 13;341(6151):1235367. doi: 10.1126/science.1235367. Epub 2013 Aug 1.
Pages 1235367
Title Quantifying the influence of climate on human conflict
Volume 341
Year 2013
Bibliographic identifiers
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