reference : The 2007 eastern US spring freeze: Increased cold damage in a warming world?

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Plant ecologists have long been concerned with a seemingly paradoxical scenario in the relationship between plant growth and climate change: warming may actually increase the risk of plant frost damage. The underlying hypothesis is that mild winters and warm, early springs, which are expected to occur as the climate warms, may induce premature plant development, resulting in exposure of vulnerable plant tissues and organs to subsequent late-season frosts. The 2007 spring freeze in the eastern United States provides an excellent opportunity to evaluate this hypothesis and assess its large-scale consequences. In this article, we contrast the rapid prefreeze phenological advancement caused by unusually warm conditions with the dramatic postfreeze setback, and report complicated patterns of freeze damage to plants. The widespread devastation of crops and natural vegetation occasioned by this event demonstrates the need to consider large fluctuations in spring temperatures a real threat to terrestrial ecosystem structure and functioning in a warming climate.
Author Gu, Lianhong; Hanson, Paul J.; Post, W. Mac; Kaiser, Dale P.; Yang, Bai; Nemani, Ramakrishna; Pallardy, Stephen G.; Meyers, Tilden
DOI 10.1641/B580311
ISSN 0006-3568
Issue 3
Journal BioScience
Notes 10.1641/B580311
Pages 253-262
Title The 2007 eastern US spring freeze: Increased cold damage in a warming world?
Volume 58
Year 2008
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 21819
_uuid 68d9349a-ec2f-4a72-b0f7-35ebccf1d0bb