reference : Hurricane Sandy’s flood frequency increasing from year 1800 to 2100

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Coastal flood hazard varies in response to changes in storm surge climatology and the sea level. Here we combine probabilistic projections of the sea level and storm surge climatology to estimate the temporal evolution of flood hazard. We find that New York City’s flood hazard has increased significantly over the past two centuries and is very likely to increase more sharply over the 21st century. Due to the effect of sea level rise, the return period of Hurricane Sandy’s flood height decreased by a factor of ∼3× from year 1800 to 2000 and is estimated to decrease by a further ∼4.4× from 2000 to 2100 under a moderate-emissions pathway. When potential storm climatology change over the 21st century is also accounted for, Sandy’s return period is estimated to decrease by ∼3× to 17× from 2000 to 2100.
Author Lin, Ning; Kopp, Robert E.; Horton, Benjamin P.; Donnelly, Jeffrey P.
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1604386113
Date October 25, 2016
Issue 43
Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Pages 12071-12075
Title Hurricane Sandy’s flood frequency increasing from year 1800 to 2100
Volume 113
Year 2016
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 20606
_uuid 753592b0-089d-4e67-a1d6-a8e985a7e9a8