reference : Climate change, flooding, urbanisation and leptospirosis: Fuelling the fire?

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Flooding and heavy rainfall have been associated with numerous outbreaks of leptospirosis around the world. With global climate change, extreme weather events such as cyclones and floods are expected to occur with increasing frequency and greater intensity and may potentially result in an upsurge in the disease incidence as well as the magnitude of leptospirosis outbreaks. In this paper, we examine mechanisms by which climate change can affect various ecological factors that are likely to drive an increase in the overall incidence as well as the frequency of outbreaks of leptospirosis. We will discuss the geographical areas that are most likely to be at risk of an increase in leptospirosis disease burden owing to the coexistence of climate change hazard risk, environmental drivers of leptospirosis outbreaks, local socioeconomic circumstances, and social and demographic trends. To reduce this disease burden, enhanced surveillance and further research is required to understand the environmental drivers of infection, to build capacity in emergency response and to promote community adaptation to a changing climate.
Author Lau, C. L.; Smythe, L. D.; Craig, S. B.; Weinstein, P.
DOI 10.1016/j.trstmh.2010.07.002
Date Oct
ISSN 0035-9203
Issue 10
Journal Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Keywords Animals; *Climate Change; *Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control; Disease Vectors; *Floods; Humans; Incidence; *Leptospirosis/epidemiology/prevention & control/transmission; Topography, Medical; Water Microbiology
Language eng
Notes 1878-3503 Lau, Colleen L Smythe, Lee D Craig, Scott B Weinstein, Philip Journal Article Review England Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Oct;104(10):631-8. doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2010.07.002. Epub 2010 Sep 1.
Pages 631-638
Title Climate change, flooding, urbanisation and leptospirosis: Fuelling the fire?
Volume 104
Year 2010
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 18431
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