reference : Modifiable Risk Factors for West Nile Virus Infection during an Outbreak--Arizona, 2010

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reftype Journal Article
Abstract West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of mosquito-borne disease in the United States; however, risk factors for infection are poorly defined. We performed a case-control study to identify modifiable risk factors for WNV infection. Case-patients (N = 49) had laboratory evidence of recent WNV infection, whereas control-subjects (N = 74) had negative WNV serology. We interviewed participants, surveyed households, and assessed environmental data. WNV infection was associated with living in or near Water District X within Gilbert Township (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 5.2; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.5-18.1), having water-holding containers in their yard (aOR 5.0; 95% CI = 1.5-17.3), and not working or attending school outside the home (aOR 2.4; 95% CI = 1.1-5.5). During this outbreak, WNV infection was likely primarily acquired peri-domestically with increased risk associated with potential mosquito larval habitats around the home and neighborhood.
Author Gibney, K. B.; Colborn, J.; Baty, S.; Bunko Patterson, A. M.; Sylvester, T.; Briggs, G.; Stewart, T.; Levy, C.; Komatsu, K.; MacMillan, K.; Delorey, M. J.; Mutebi, J.-P.; Fischer, M.; Staples, J. E.
DOI 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0502
Date May
ISSN 0002-9637
Issue 5
Journal The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Keywords Adult; Animals; Arizona/epidemiology; Case-Control Studies; Culicidae/virology; *Disease Outbreaks; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Odds Ratio; Questionnaires; Risk Factors; West Nile Fever/blood/*epidemiology; West Nile virus/isolation & purification/*pathogenicity; Young Adult
Notes Gibney, Katherine B Colborn, James Baty, Steven Bunko Patterson, Andrean M Sylvester, Tammy Briggs, Graham Stewart, Tasha Levy, Craig Komatsu, Ken MacMillan, Katherine Delorey, Mark J Mutebi, John-Paul Fischer, Marc Staples, J Erin eng 2012/05/05 06:00 Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 May;86(5):895-901. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0502.
Pages 895-901
Title Modifiable Risk Factors for West Nile Virus Infection during an Outbreak--Arizona, 2010
Volume 86
Year 2012
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 18003
_uuid 944b4c67-e9fa-447e-8ad2-a96f66c62621