reference : Climate-driven ground-level ozone extreme in the fall over the Southeast United States

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Ground-level ozone is adverse to human and vegetation health. High ground-level ozone concentrations usually occur over the United States in the summer, often referred to as the ozone season. However, observed monthly mean ozone concentrations in the southeastern United States were higher in October than July in 2010. The October ozone average in 2010 reached that of July in the past three decades (1980–2010). Our analysis shows that this extreme October ozone in 2010 over the Southeast is due in part to a dry and warm weather condition, which enhances photochemical production, air stagnation, and fire emissions. Observational evidence and modeling analysis also indicate that another significant contributor is enhanced emissions of biogenic isoprene, a major ozone precursor, from water-stressed plants under a dry and warm condition. The latter finding is corroborated by recent laboratory and field studies. This climate-induced biogenic control also explains the puzzling fact that the two extremes of high October ozone both occurred in the 2000s when anthropogenic emissions were lower than the 1980s and 1990s, in contrast to the observed decreasing trend of July ozone in the region. The occurrences of a drying and warming fall, projected by climate models, will likely lead to more active photochemistry, enhanced biogenic isoprene and fire emissions, an extension of the ozone season from summer to fall, and an increase of secondary organic aerosols in the Southeast, posing challenges to regional air quality management.
Author Zhang, Yuzhong; Wang, Yuhang
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1602563113
Date September 6, 2016
Issue 36
Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Pages 10025-10030
Title Climate-driven ground-level ozone extreme in the fall over the Southeast United States
Volume 113
Year 2016
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 24396
_uuid 95d40945-3680-42c2-99c0-e59d1af99867