reference : Spatially heterogeneous impact of climate change on small mammals of montane California

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/reference/a77b2b55-2113-475e-961d-631de35b3de0
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Resurveys of historical collecting localities have revealed range shifts, primarily leading edge expansions, which have been attributed to global warming. However, there have been few spatially replicated community-scale resurveys testing whether species' responses are spatially consistent. Here we repeated early twentieth century surveys of small mammals along elevational gradients in northern, central and southern regions of montane California. Of the 34 species we analysed, 25 shifted their ranges upslope or downslope in at least one region. However, two-thirds of ranges in the three regions remained stable at one or both elevational limits and none of the 22 species found in all three regions shifted both their upper and lower limits in the same direction in all regions. When shifts occurred, high-elevation species typically contracted their lower limits upslope, whereas low-elevation species had heterogeneous responses. For high-elevation species, site-specific change in temperature better predicted the direction of shifts than change in precipitation, whereas the direction of shifts by low-elevation species was unpredictable by temperature or precipitation. While our results support previous findings of primarily upslope shifts in montane species, they also highlight the degree to which the responses of individual species vary across geographically replicated landscapes.
Author Rowe, Kevin C.; Rowe, Karen M. C.; Tingley, Morgan W.; Koo, Michelle S.; Patton, James L.; Conroy, Chris J.; Perrine, John D.; Beissinger, Steven R.; Moritz, Craig
DOI 10.1098/rspb.2014.1857
Issue 1799
Journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Pages 20141857
Title Spatially heterogeneous impact of climate change on small mammals of montane California
Volume 282
Year 2015
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 25681
_uuid a77b2b55-2113-475e-961d-631de35b3de0