reference : A significant component of unforced multidecadal variability in the recent acceleration of global warming

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/reference/c70d00cd-2e55-41a8-9f27-33f11bcc5bfb
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract The problem of separating variations due to natural and anthropogenic forcing from those due to unforced internal dynamics during the twentieth century is addressed using state-of-the-art climate simulations and observations. An unforced internal component that varies on multidecadal time scales is identified by a new statistical method that maximizes integral time scale. This component, called the internal multidecadal pattern (IMP), is stochastic and hence does not contribute to trends on long time scales; however, it can contribute significantly to short-term trends. Observational estimates indicate that the trend in the spatially averaged “well observed” sea surface temperature (SST) due to the forced component has an approximately constant value of 0.1 K decade−1, while the IMP can contribute about ±0.08 K decade−1 for a 30-yr trend. The warming and cooling of the IMP matches that of the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation and is of sufficient amplitude to explain the acceleration in warming during 1977–2008 as compared to 1946–77, despite the forced component increasing at the same rate during these two periods. The amplitude and time scale of the IMP are such that its contribution to the trend dominates that of the forced component on time scales shorter than 16 yr, implying that the lack of warming trend during the past 10 yr is not statistically significant. Furthermore, since the IMP varies naturally on multidecadal time scales, it is potentially predictable on decadal time scales, providing a scientific rationale for decadal predictions. While the IMP can contribute significantly to trends for periods of 30 yr or shorter, it cannot account for the 0.8°C warming that has been observed in the twentieth-century spatially averaged SST.
Author Timothy DelSole; Michael K. Tippett; Jagadish Shukla
DOI 10.1175/2010jcli3659.1
Issue 3
Journal Journal of Climate
Keywords Decadal variability,Global warming
Pages 909-926
Title A significant component of unforced multidecadal variability in the recent acceleration of global warming
Volume 24
Year 2011
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 20818
_uuid c70d00cd-2e55-41a8-9f27-33f11bcc5bfb