reference : Effects of temperature variation on suicide in five U.S. counties, 1991-2001

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Effects of weather variables on suicide are well-documented, but there is still little consistency among the results of most studies. Nevertheless, most studies show a peak in suicides during the spring season, and this is often attributed to increased temperatures. The purpose of this study is to test the relationship between monthly temperature and monthly suicide, independent of months or seasons, for five counties located across the United States. Harmonic analysis shows that four of the five counties display some seasonal components in the suicide data. However, simple linear regression shows no correlation between suicide and temperature, and discriminant analysis shows that monthly departure from mean annual suicide rates is not a useful tool for identifying months with temperatures that are colder or warmer than the annual average. Therefore, it appears that the seasonality of suicides is due to factors other than temperature.
Author Dixon, P. G.; McDonald, A. N.; Scheitlin, K. N.; Stapleton, J. E.; Allen, J. S.; Carter, W. M.; Holley, M. R.; Inman, D. D.; Roberts, J. B.
DOI 10.1007/s00484-006-0081-4
Date May
ISSN 1432-1254
Issue 5
Journal International Journal of Biometeorology
Keywords Climate; Female; Humans; Linear Models; Male; Seasons; Suicide/*statistics & numerical data; *Temperature; United States/epidemiology; *Weather
Language eng
Notes Dixon, P G McDonald, A N Scheitlin, K N Stapleton, J E Allen, J S Carter, W M Holley, M R Inman, D D Roberts, J B Journal Article United States Int J Biometeorol. 2007 May;51(5):395-403. Epub 2007 Jan 11.
Pages 395-403
Title Effects of temperature variation on suicide in five U.S. counties, 1991-2001
Volume 51
Year 2007
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 18083
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