reference : Sea surface temperature variability: Patterns and mechanisms

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Patterns of sea surface temperature (SST) variability on interannual and longer timescales result from a combination of atmospheric and oceanic processes. These SST anomaly patterns may be due to intrinsic modes of atmospheric circulation variability that imprint themselves upon the SST field mainly via surface energy fluxes. Examples include SST fluctuations in the Southern Ocean associated with the Southern Annular Mode, a tripolar pattern of SST anomalies in the North Atlantic associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation, and a pan-Pacific mode known as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (with additional contributions from oceanic processes). They may also result from coupled ocean-atmosphere interactions, such as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon in the tropical Indo-Pacific, the tropical Atlantic Niño, and the cross-equatorial meridional modes in the tropical Pacific and Atlantic. Finally, patterns of SST variability may arise from intrinsic oceanic modes, notably the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation.
Author Deser, Clara; Alexander, Michael A.; Xie, Shang-Ping; Phillips, Adam S.
DOI 10.1146/annurev-marine-120408-151453
Database Provider Annual Reviews
Date 2010
Issue 1
Journal Annual Review of Marine Science
Pages 115-143
Short Title Sea Surface Temperature Variability
Title Sea surface temperature variability: Patterns and mechanisms
Volume 2
Year 2010
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 22416
_uuid d4ba8c44-15ef-4f90-834e-a2b69aff9549