reference : Carbon monoxide poisoning after an ice storm in Kentucky, 2009

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/reference/d887debf-59d6-423b-8f0f-433b49f9c9ca
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract OBJECTIVES.: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality during natural disasters. On January 26–27, 2009, a severe ice storm occurred in Kentucky, causing widespread, extended power outages and disrupting transportation and communications. After the storm, CO poisonings were reported throughout the state. The objectives of this investigation were to determine the extent of the problem, identify sources of CO poisoning, characterize cases, make recommendations to reduce morbidity and mortality, and develop prevention strategies. METHODS.: We obtained data from the Kentucky Regional Poison Center (KRPC), hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) facilities, and coroners. Additionally, the Kentucky Department for Public Health provided statewide emergency department (ED) and hospitalization data. RESULTS.: During the two weeks after the storm, KRPC identified 144 cases of CO poisoning; exposure sources included kerosene heaters, generators, and propane heaters. Hospitals reported 202 ED visits and 26 admissions. Twenty-eight people received HBOT. Ten deaths were attributed to CO poisoning, eight of which were related to inappropriate generator location. Higher rates of CO poisoning were reported in areas with the most ice accumulation. CONCLUSIONS.: Although CO poisonings are preventable, they continue to occur in postdisaster situations. Recommendations include encouraging use of CO alarms, exploring use of engineering controls on generators to decrease CO exposure, providing specific information regarding safe use and placement of CO-producing devices, and using multiple communication methods to reach people without electricity.
Author Lutterloh, Emily C.; Iqbal, Shahed; Clower, Jacquelyn H.; Spillerr, Henry A.; Riggs, Margaret A.; Sugg, Tennis J.; Humbaugh, Kraig E.; Cadwell, Betsy L.; Thoroughman, Douglas A.
ISSN 1468-2877
Issue Suppl 1
Journal Public Health Reports
Notes 15_Lutterloh[PII] 21563718[pmid] Public Health Rep
PMC 3072909
Pages 108-115
Title Carbon monoxide poisoning after an ice storm in Kentucky, 2009
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3072909
Volume 126 (Suppl 1)
Year 2011
Bibliographic identifiers
.publisher Association of Schools of Public Health
.reference_type 0
_record_number 18993
_uuid d887debf-59d6-423b-8f0f-433b49f9c9ca