reference : Trajectories of psychological distress among low-income, female survivors of Hurricane Katrina

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate trajectories of psychological distress among low-income, primarily unmarried and African American women who survived Hurricane Katrina (N = 386). Data were collected in the year prior to the hurricane as well as approximately 1 and 3 years thereafter. Using Latent Class Growth Analysis (LCGA), we detected 6 distinct trajectory groups. Over half of the participants fit into a trajectory consistent with resilience; that is, they maintained low levels of psychological distress over the course of the study, but experienced an elevation in symptoms at the first predisaster time point followed by a return to predisaster levels. The other trajectories reflected a range of psychological responses to disasters and indicated that predisaster functioning had a major influence on postdisaster psychological outcomes. Degree of exposure to hurricane-related stressors, experiences of human and pet bereavement, perceived social support, and socioeconomic status were significant predictors of trajectory group membership. Implications for research and policy are discussed.
Author Lowe, S. R.; Rhodes, J. E.
DOI 10.1111/ajop.12019
Date Apr-Jul
ISSN 1939-0025
Issue 2-3
Journal American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Keywords Adult; African Americans/*psychology; Bereavement; Cyclonic Storms; Disasters; Disease Progression; Female; Humans; New Orleans; Poverty/*psychology; Social Class; Social Support; Stress, Psychological/*diagnosis; Survivors/*psychology; Hurricane Katrina; delayed distress; disaster exposure; displacement; human bereavement; hurricane survivors; pet loss; postdisaster psychological distress; women
Language eng
Notes 1939-0025 Lowe, Sarah R Rhodes, Jean E R01 HD057599/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States T32 MH013043/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States Journal Article United States Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2013 Apr-Jul;83(2 Pt 3):398-412. doi: 10.1111/ajop.12019.
Pages 398-412
Title Trajectories of psychological distress among low-income, female survivors of Hurricane Katrina
Volume 83
Year 2013
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 18127
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