reference : Performance and cost-based comparison of green and gray infrastructure to control combined sewer overflows

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/reference/f1b67e97-7a38-47cc-8313-80e2a25c3d6b
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Author Tavakol-Davani, Hassan; Steven J. Burian; Jay Devkota; Defne Apul
DOI 10.1061/JSWBAY.0000805
Issue 2
Journal Journal of Sustainable Water in the Built Environment
Pages 04015009
Title Performance and cost-based comparison of green and gray infrastructure to control combined sewer overflows
URL Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is being used more often today as a water supply and stormwater management green infrastructure (GI). In recent years, GIs in urban water engineering have gained attention due to their lower lifecycle costs—in both implementation and operation phases—rather than traditional gray approaches. The research described in the present paper compared implementation of RWH systems to gray approaches previously designed as a part of the long-term control plan (LTCP) for combined sewer overflow (CSO) control in Toledo, Ohio. RWH scenarios in this study were defined based on different system capacities and release policies, and then combined gray and green scenarios were analyzed according to their hydrologic performance and cost. This study employed long-term continuous hydrologic and hydraulic (H&H) simulations as well as lifecycle cost (LCC) analysis techniques. The results showed that greening the LTCP via RWH could improve the lifecycle cost-effectiveness by 48%. The captured rainwater was considered to supply toilet flushing water demand in buildings.
Volume 2
Year 2016
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 26612
_uuid f1b67e97-7a38-47cc-8313-80e2a25c3d6b