reference : Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic ocean heat transport at 26.5°N

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/reference/f299a3d0-3424-4e83-b4c3-94f452a34708
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Continuous estimates of the oceanic meridional heat transport in the Atlantic are derived from the Rapid Climate Change–Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) and Heatflux Array (RAPID–MOCHA) observing system deployed along 26.5°N, for the period from April 2004 to October 2007. The basinwide meridional heat transport (MHT) is derived by combining temperature transports (relative to a common reference) from 1) the Gulf Stream in the Straits of Florida; 2) the western boundary region offshore of Abaco, Bahamas; 3) the Ekman layer [derived from Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) wind stresses]; and 4) the interior ocean monitored by “endpoint” dynamic height moorings. The interior eddy heat transport arising from spatial covariance of the velocity and temperature fields is estimated independently from repeat hydrographic and expendable bathythermograph (XBT) sections and can also be approximated by the array.The results for the 3.5 yr of data thus far available show a mean MHT of 1.33 ± 0.40 PW for 10-day-averaged estimates, on which time scale a basinwide mass balance can be reasonably assumed. The associated MOC strength and variability is 18.5 ± 4.9 Sv (1 Sv ≡ 106 m3 s−1). The continuous heat transport estimates range from a minimum of 0.2 to a maximum of 2.5 PW, with approximately half of the variance caused by Ekman transport changes and half caused by changes in the geostrophic circulation. The data suggest a seasonal cycle of the MHT with a maximum in summer (July–September) and minimum in late winter (March–April), with an annual range of 0.6 PW. A breakdown of the MHT into “overturning” and “gyre” components shows that the overturning component carries 88% of the total heat transport. The overall uncertainty of the annual mean MHT for the 3.5-yr record is 0.14 PW or about 10% of the mean value.
Author W. E. Johns; M. O. Baringer; L. M. Beal; S. A. Cunningham; T. Kanzow; H. L. Bryden; J. J. M. Hirschi; J. Marotzke; C. S. Meinen; B. Shaw; R. Curry
DOI 10.1175/2010jcli3997.1
Issue 10
Journal Journal of Climate
Keywords Atlantic Ocean,Meridonial overturning circulation,Sea surface temperature,Transport,Anomalies
Pages 2429-2449
Title Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic ocean heat transport at 26.5°N
Volume 24
Year 2011
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 20683
_uuid f299a3d0-3424-4e83-b4c3-94f452a34708