reference : Elevation-dependent warming in mountain regions of the world

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract There is growing evidence that the rate of warming is amplified with elevation, such that high-mountain environments experience more rapid changes in temperature than environments at lower elevations. Elevation-dependent warming (EDW) can accelerate the rate of change in mountain ecosystems, cryospheric systems, hydrological regimes and biodiversity. Here we review important mechanisms that contribute towards EDW: snow albedo and surface-based feedbacks; water vapour changes and latent heat release; surface water vapour and radiative flux changes; surface heat loss and temperature change; and aerosols. All lead to enhanced warming with elevation (or at a critical elevation), and it is believed that combinations of these mechanisms may account for contrasting regional patterns of EDW. We discuss future needs to increase knowledge of mountain temperature trends and their controlling mechanisms through improved observations, satellite-based remote sensing and model simulations.
Author Mountain Research Initiative
DOI 10.1038/nclimate2563
Date 05//print
Issue 5
Journal Nature Climate Change
Pages 424-430
Title Elevation-dependent warming in mountain regions of the world
Volume 5
Year 2015
Bibliographic identifiers
.publisher Nature Publishing Group, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved.
.reference_type 0
_record_number 20521
_uuid f3daa28d-a7ac-4f06-bb43-d688269721e4