reference : Trends in heat-related mortality in the United States, 1975-2004

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/reference/f56ba5f3-5b39-48f1-ad20-f3c01cc8eefa
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract This study addresses the long-term trends in heat-related mortality across 29 US metropolitan areas from 1975 to 2004 to discern the spatial patterns and temporal trends in heat vulnerability. Mortality data have been standardized to account for population trends, and seasonal and interannual variability. On days when a city experienced an "oppressive" air mass, mean anomalous mortality was calculated, along with the likelihood that oppressive days led to a mortality response at least one standard deviation above the baseline value. Results show a general decline in heat-related mortality from the 1970s to 1990s, after which the decline seems to have abated. The likelihood of oppressive days leading to significant increases in mortality has shown less of a decline. The number of oppressive days has stayed the same or increased at most metropolitan areas. With US homes near saturation in terms of air-conditioning availability, an aging population is still significantly vulnerable to heat events.
Accession Number 282
Author Sheridan, S.C. Kalkstein, A.J. Kalkstein, L.S.
Author Address Sheridan, SC (reprint author), Kent State Univ, Dept Geog, 413 McGilvrey Hall, Kent, OH 44242 USA; Kent State Univ, Dept Geog, Kent, OH 44242 USA; Arizona State Univ, Sch Geog Sci, Tempe, AZ USA; Univ Miami, Dept Geog & Reg Studies, Miami, FL USA
DOI 10.1007/s11069-008-9327-2
Date JUL 2009
ISSN 0921-030X
Issue 1
Journal Natural Hazards
Keywords Heat watch-warning system; Atmospheric hazards; Heat-related mortality; Trends; Heat vulnerability; WATCH-WARNING SYSTEM; US CITIES; CLIMATE-CHANGE; PUBLIC-HEALTH; TEMPERATURE; IMPACTS; WAVE; VULNERABILITY; HEATWAVES; STRESS
Language English
Pages 145-160
Title Trends in heat-related mortality in the United States, 1975-2004
URL http://www.as.miami.edu/geography/research/climatology/natural_hazards_manuscript.pdf
Volume 50
Year 2009
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_chapter ["Ch. 17: Southeast and Caribbean FINAL","Ch. 18: Midwest FINAL"]
_record_number 2842
_uuid f56ba5f3-5b39-48f1-ad20-f3c01cc8eefa