reference : Epidemiology of Hantavirus infections in humans: A comprehensive, global overview

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Hantaviruses comprise an emerging global threat for public health, affecting about 30,000 humans annually. Infection may lead to Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in the Americas and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in the Europe and Asia. Humans are spillover hosts, acquiring infection primarily through the inhalation of aerosolized excreta from infected rodents and insectivores. Risk factors for infection include involvement in outdoor activities, such as rural- and forest-related activities, peridomestic rodent presence, exposure to potentially infected dust and outdoor military training; prolonged, intimate contact with infected individuals promotes transmission of Andes virus, the only Hantavirus known to be transmitted from human-to-human. The total number of Hantavirus case reports is generally on the rise, as is the number of affected countries. Knowledge of the geographical distribution, regional incidence and associated risk factors of the disease are crucial for clinicians to suspect and diagnose infected individuals early on. Climatic, ecological and environmental changes are related to fluctuations in rodent populations, and subsequently to human epidemics. Thus, prevention may be enhanced by host-reservoir control and human exposure prophylaxis interventions, which likely have led to a dramatic reduction of human cases in China over the past decades; vaccination may also play a role in the future.
Author Watson, D. C.; Sargianou, M.; Papa, A.; Chra, P.; Starakis, I.; Panos, G.
DOI 10.3109/1040841x.2013.783555
Date Aug
ISSN 1549-7828
Issue 3
Journal Critical Reviews in Microbiology
Keywords Animals; Communicable Disease Control/*methods; Communicable Diseases, Emerging/*epidemiology/*prevention & control; *Disease Reservoirs; Global Health; Hantavirus Infections/*epidemiology/*prevention & control; Humans; Incidence; Prevalence; Risk Factors; *Rodentia; Topography, Medical; Zoonoses/epidemiology/prevention & control
Language eng
Notes 1549-7828 Watson, Dionysios Christos Sargianou, Maria Papa, Anna Chra, Paraskevi Starakis, Ioannis Panos, George Journal Article Review England Crit Rev Microbiol. 2014 Aug;40(3):261-72. doi: 10.3109/1040841X.2013.783555. Epub 2013 Apr 22.
Pages 261-272
Title Epidemiology of Hantavirus infections in humans: A comprehensive, global overview
Volume 40
Year 2014
Bibliographic identifiers
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_record_number 18760
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