You are viewing /report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1 in Turtle
Alternatives : HTML JSON YAML text N-Triples JSON Triples RDF+XML RDF+JSON Graphviz SVG
Raw
@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   dcterms:identifier "key-finding-11-1";
   gcis:findingNumber "11.1"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Annual average near-surface air temperatures across Alaska and the Arctic have increased over the last 50 years at a rate more than twice as fast as the global average temperature. (<em>Very high confidence</em>)"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "Annual average near-surface air temperatures across Alaska and the Arctic have increased over the last 50 years at a rate more than twice the global average. Observational studies using ground-based observing stations and satellites analyzed by multiple independent groups support this finding. The enhanced sensitivity of the arctic climate system to anthropogenic forcing is also supported by climate modeling evidence, indicating a solid grasp on the underlying physics. These multiple lines of evidence provide <em>very high confidence</em> of enhanced arctic warming with potentially significant impacts on coastal communities and marine ecosystems"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The Key Finding is supported by observational evidence from ground-based observing stations, satellites, and data-model temperature analyses from multiple sources and independent analysis techniques. For more than 40 years, climate models have predicted enhanced arctic warming, indicating a solid grasp on the underlying physics and positive feedbacks driving the accelerated arctic warming. Lastly, similar statements have been made in NCA3, IPCC AR5, and in other arctic-specific assessments such as the Arctic Climate Impacts Assessment and Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "<em>Very high confidence</em> that the arctic surface and air temperatures have warmed across Alaska and the Arctic at a much faster rate than the global average is provided by the multiple datasets analyzed by multiple independent groups indicating the same conclusion. Additionally, climate models capture the enhanced warming in the Arctic, indicating a solid understanding of the underlying physical mechanisms.\r\n<br><p>\r\n<span id=\"restart\" class=\"anchor\"></span>It is <em>very likely</em> that the accelerated rate of arctic warming will have a significant consequence for the United States due to accelerated land and sea ice melt driving changes in the ocean including sea level rise threatening our coastal communities and freshening of sea water that is influencing marine ecology.\r\n</p></br>"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "The lack of high quality and restricted spatial resolution of surface and ground temperature data over many arctic land regions and essentially no measurements over the Central Arctic Ocean hamper the ability to better refine the rate of arctic warming and completely restrict our ability to quantify and detect regional trends, especially over the sea ice. Climate models generally produce an arctic warming between two to three times the global mean warming. A key uncertainty is our quantitative knowledge of the contributions from individual feedback processes in driving the accelerated arctic warming. Reducing this uncertainty will help constrain projections of future arctic warming."^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.2174/1874282301408010007>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/241f3efd-0405-4fcf-995c-b6c5058cf5c7>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1038/nature09051>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/275c5633-c650-4405-b6c7-3a8151e11b51>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/amap-swipa-2011-overview-report>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2ecb64ff-f4e0-4acd-b049-e5d04f44c57a>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/1520-0469(1975)032%3C0003:teodtc%3E2.0.co;2>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3fe708bb-96e6-4612-b91a-4a981974b900>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ipcc-ar5-wg1/chapter/wg1-ar5-chapter02-final>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/47a5196b-4fba-4fdb-8647-8945627725bb>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/acia-2004>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6116cc9a-1779-4f9c-9b70-ce7bbe540dc3>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00696.1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/74b2ec95-20d0-4af6-8f4c-08f7a0ae8981>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1002/wcc.277>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/a9664a29-554f-4680-a6cd-9264b475d17b>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ipcc-ar5-wg1/chapter/wg1-ar5-chapter12-final>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/b3bbc7b5-067e-4c23-8d9b-59faee21e58e>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/dd5b893d-4462-4bb3-9205-67b532919566>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/2010jcli3297.1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/e1ea418d-9ff7-4869-a09e-30672e492a64>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.5194/tc-3-11-2009>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/e2086a52-de43-4628-97f8-05fb1c8e1e45>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climate-science-special-report/chapter/arctic/finding/key-finding-11-1>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/air-temperature-arctic-report-card-2014>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/e8458879-e69d-4464-a6cb-c1ee60d0cbf1>.