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Figure : fig10-5_corr1
Attributable Warming or Cooling Influences of Anthropogenic and Natural Forcings
Figure 3.2National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Thomas R. Knutson
This figure appears in chapter 3 of the Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I report.
Observed global mean temperature trend (black bar) and attributable warming or cooling influences of anthropogenic and natural forcings over 1951–2010. Observations are from HadCRUT4, along with observational uncertainty (5% to 95%) error bars. 62 Likely ranges (bar-whisker plots) and midpoint values (colored bars) for attributable forcings are from IPCC AR5. GHG refers to well-mixed greenhouse gases, OA to other anthropogenic forcings, NAT to natural forcings, and ANT to all anthropogenic forcings combined. Likely ranges are broader for contributions from well-mixed greenhouse gases and for other anthropogenic forcings, assessed separately, than for the contributions from all anthropogenic forcings combined, as it is more difficult to quantitatively constrain the separate contributions of the various anthropogenic forcing agents. (Figure source: redrawn from Bindoff et al. f03117be-ccfe-4f88-b70a-ffd4351b8190; © IPCC. Used with permission.)
Free to use with credit to the original figure source.
The time range for this figure is January 01, 1951 (00:00 AM) to January 01, 2010 (23:59 PM).
This figure was created on September 09, 2016.
This figure was submitted on September 29, 2017.
was derived from
Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis
(The units were changed from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit, and the horizontal scale was updated to reflect this units change.)
This figure is composed of this image :
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