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Figure : cold-warm-spell-frequency
Observed Changes in Cold and Heat Waves
Figure 6.4National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI, ERT, Inc
Russell S. Vose, Xungang Yin
This figure appears in chapter 6 of the Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I report.
Observed changes in cold and heat waves in the contiguous United States. The top panel depicts changes in the frequency of cold waves; the middle panel depicts changes in the frequency of heat waves; and the bottom panel depicts changes in the intensity of heat waves. Cold and heat wave frequency indices are defined in Zhang et al.e6ecbe14-fe1b-46f8-bad5-bde9e4cc658a, and the heat wave intensity index is defined in Russo et al.546ef0fe-bfae-43ee-969e-5870c581e426 Estimates are derived from long-term stations with minimal missing data in the Global Historical Climatology Network–Daily dataset.9b433446-b58f-4358-9737-5a6ccc2f6fcf (Figure source: NOAA/NCEI).
Free to use with credit to the original figure source.
This figure was created on October 14, 2016.
This figure was submitted on October 16, 2017.
- Magnitude of extreme heat waves in present climate and their projection in a warming world (546ef0fe)
- An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network-Daily Database (9b433446)
- Indices for monitoring changes in extremes based on daily temperature and precipitation data (e6ecbe14)
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