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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation/finding/other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability>
   dcterms:identifier "other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability";
   gcis:findingNumber "28.5"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Vulnerability to climate change is exacerbated by other stresses such as pollution,  habitat fragmentation, and poverty. Adaptation to multiple stresses requires assessment of the composite threats as well as tradeoffs amongst costs, benefits, and risks of available options. "^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "A central component of the process were bi-weekly technical discussions held from October 2011 to June 2012 via teleconference that focused on collaborative review and summary of all technical inputs relevant to adaptation (130+) as well as additional published literature, the iterative development of key messages, and the final drafting of the chapter. An in-person meeting was held in Washington, D.C., in June 2012. Meeting discussions were followed by expert deliberation of draft key messages by the authors and targeted consultation with additional experts by the lead author of each key message. Consensus was reached on all key messages and supporting text.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The key message and supporting text summarize extensive evidence documented in the peer-reviewed literature as well as the more than 130 technical inputs received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input.\r\nClimate change is only one of a multitude of stresses affecting social, environmental, and economic systems. Activity to date and literature profiling those activities support the need for climate adaptation activity to integrate the concerns of multiple stresses in decision-making and planning. As evidenced by activities to date, integrating multiple stresses into climate adaptation decision-making and vice versa will require the assessment of tradeoffs amongst costs, benefits, the risks of available options, and the potential value of outcomes.\r\nAdditional citations are used in the text of the chapter to substantiate this key message. \r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "n/a"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "n/a"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation/finding/other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nrc-multiplestresses-2007>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/06a53f5f-3202-4a61-b990-2115eb25c28f>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation/finding/other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ipcc-ar4-wg2>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/39793ad8-948e-4538-8945-bffed7d61769>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation/finding/other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/scipp-gulfcoast-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3a96983c-927c-4c21-b186-df344ed581bf>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation/finding/other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ota-o-567>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/afaa6c76-9d9e-4238-9346-2cfefd6bb2b5>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation/finding/other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgcrp-ti-coastal-impacts-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/c9647af9-db7f-4f6a-89bd-2f2293ad26e5>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/adaptation/finding/other-stress-exacerbate-vulnerability>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-climchinfrastructure-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/f0803451-5a89-474a-974f-99c13fdc725d>.