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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   dcterms:identifier "soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture";
   gcis:findingNumber "6.3"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Current loss and degradation of critical agricultural soil and water assets due to increasing extremes in precipitation will continue to challenge both rainfed and irrigated agriculture unless innovative conservation methods are implemented."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "A central component of the process was the development of a foundational technical input report (TIR), “Climate Change and Agriculture in the United States: An Assessment of Effects and Potential for Adaptation”. A public session conducted as part of the Tri-Societies (https://www.acsmeetings.org/home) meeting held in San Antonio, Texas, on Oct. 16-19, 2011, provided input to this report. \r\nThe report team engaged in multiple technical discussions via teleconference, which included careful review of the foundational TIR and of approximately 56 additional technical inputs provided by the public, as well as other published literature and professional judgment. Discussions were followed by expert deliberation of draft key messages by the authors and targeted consultation with additional experts by the lead author of each message."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The key message and supporting text summarizes extensive evidence documented in the Agriculture TIR, “Climate Change and Agriculture in the United States: An Assessment of Effects and Potential for Adaptation.” Additional Technical Input Reports (56) on a wide range of topics were also received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input. \r\nSoil erosion is affected by rainfall intensity and there is evidence of increasing intensity in rainfall events even where the annual mean is reduced. Unprotected soil surfaces will have increased erosion and require more intense conservation practices. Shifts in seasonality and type of precipitation will affect both timing and impact of water availability for both rainfed and irrigated agriculture. Evidence is strong that in the future there will be more precipitation globally, and that rain events will be more intense, even if separated by longer periods without rain.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "The precipitation forecasts are the limiting factor in these assessments; the evidence of the impact of precipitation extremes on soil water availability and soil erosion is well established. Confidence in this key message is therefore judged to be high."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "Important new evidence (cited above) confirmed many of the findings in the past Synthesis and Assessment Product on agriculture, which informed the 2009 National Climate Assessment. Both rainfed and irrigated agriculture will increasingly be challenged, based on improved models and observational data related to the effects of increasing precipitation extremes on loss and degradation of critical agricultural soil and water assets.\r\nPrecipitation shifts are the most difficult to project, and uncertainty in regional projections increases with time into the future. To improve these projections will require enhanced understanding of shifts in timing, intensity, and magnitude of precipitation events. In the northern U.S., more frequent and severe winter and spring storms are projected, while there is a projected reduction in precipitation in the Southwest (see Ch. 2: Our Changing Climate).\r\n"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/noaa-techreport-nesdis-142-9>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0ebef171-4903-4aa6-b436-2936da69f84e>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usda-aghandbook-537>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/1ace4f2c-8946-4ad2-bc9c-6aa0047f03a4>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usda-techbul-1935>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3baf471f-751f-4d68-9227-4197fdbb6e5d>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.2489/jswc.66.4.118A>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/443cb593-4f06-425b-9da9-bc74fc513caf>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/2010JHM1341.1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/49d8bcd1-1adb-4617-b2db-f7fa9c5987d2>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ccsp-sap-4_3-2008>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/76db17ce-354b-4f0c-ad10-3e701c0387fc>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.11.013>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/7ae7606e-7f35-456d-8ace-2456b176956b>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1029/2005JD006290>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/bc4e302f-0956-4bb0-b345-e84dfb03223f>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ipcc-ar4-wg1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/c54b9473-cdc3-4f22-97a8-4df5253f9682>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/agriculture/finding/soil-and-water-loss-test-agriculture>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca2>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/e251f590-177e-4ba6-8ed1-6f68b5e54c8a>.