reference : Modern global climate change

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/report/nca3/chapter/appendix-climate-science-supplement/figure/modeling-the-climate-system/reference/01812ac1-5424-4d88-ba1a-8dd40acd29c3
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reftype Journal Article
Abstract Modern climate change is dominated by human influences, which are now large enough to exceed the bounds of natural variability. The main source of global climate change is human-induced changes in atmospheric composition. These perturbations primarily result from emissions associated with energy use, but on local and regional scales, urbanization and land use changes are also important. Although there has been progress in monitoring and understanding climate change, there remain many scientific, technical, and institutional impediments to precisely planning for, adapting to, and mitigating the effects of climate change. There is still considerable uncertainty about the rates of change that can be expected, but it is clear that these changes will be increasingly manifested in important and tangible ways, such as changes in extremes of temperature and precipitation, decreases in seasonal and perennial snow and ice extent, and sea level rise. Anthropogenic climate change is now likely to continue for many centuries. We are venturing into the unknown with climate, and its associated impacts could be quite disruptive.
Author Karl, Thomas R. Trenberth, Kevin E.
DOI 10.1126/science.1090228
Date December 5, 2003
Issue 5651
Journal Science
Pages 1719-1723
Title Modern global climate change
Volume 302
Year 2003
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_chapter ["Appendix 3: Climate Science FINAL"]
_record_number 4703
_uuid 01812ac1-5424-4d88-ba1a-8dd40acd29c3