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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
   dcterms:identifier "biogeochem-cycle-climate-change";
   gcis:findingNumber "15.3"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Altered biogeochemical cycles together with climate change increase the vulnerability of biodiversity, food security, human health, and water quality to changing climate. However, natural and managed shifts in major biogeochemical cycles can help limit rates of climate change."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "The key messages and supporting text summarize extensive evidence documented in two technical input reports submitted to the NCA: 1) a foundational report supported by the Departments of Energy and Agriculture: Biogeochemical Cycles and Biogenic Greenhouse Gases from North American Terrestrial Ecosystems: A Technical Input Report for the National Climate Assessment, and 2) an external report: The Role of Nitrogen in Climate Change and the Impacts of Nitrogen-Climate Interactions on Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems, Agriculture, and Human Health in the United States: A Technical Report Submitted to the U.S. National Climate Assessment. The latter report was supported by the International Nitrogen Initiative, a National Science Foundation grant, and the David and Lucille Packard Foundation.  \r\nAuthor meetings and workshops were held regularly for the foundational report, including a workshop at the 2011 Soil Science Society of America meeting. A workshop held in July 2011 at the USGS John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis in Fort Collins, CO, focused on climate-nitrogen actions and was summarized in the second primary source. An additional 15 technical input reports on various topics were also received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input. \r\nThe entire author team for this chapter conducted its deliberations by teleconference from April to June 2012, with three major meetings resulting in an outline and a set of key messages.  The team came to expert consensus on all of the key messages based on their reading of the technical inputs, other published literature, and professional judgment. Several original key messages were later combined into a broader set of statements while retaining most of the original content of the chapter. Major revisions to the key messages, chapter, and traceable accounts were approved by authors; further minor revisions were consistent with the messages intended by the authors.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The author team evaluated technical input reports (17) on biogeochemical cycles, including the two primary sources.\r\nThe climate–biogeochemical cycle link has been demonstrated through numerous studies on the effects of reactive nitrogen and phosphorus on forest carbon uptake and storage, and decomposition of organic matter; temperature effects on ecosystem productivity; and sensitivity of natural methane emissions to climate variation.\r\nWhere the nitrogen and phosphorus cycles are concerned, a number of publications have reported effects of excess loading on ecosystem processes and have projected these effects to worsen. Additionally, studies have reported the potential for future climate change and increasing nitrogen and phosphorus loadings to have an additive effect and the need for remediation. The literature suggests that co-benefits are possible from addressing the environmental concerns of both nutrient loading and climate change.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "High. We have a high degree of confidence that climate change will affect biogeochemical cycles through its effects on ecosystem structure and function (species composition and productivity). Similarly, there is high confidence that altered biogeochemical cycles will affect climate change, as for example in the increased rates of carbon storage in forests and soils that often accompany excess nitrogen deposition. "^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "Scientists are still investigating the impact of nitrogen deposition on carbon uptake and of sulfur and nitrogen aerosols on radiative forcing.\r\nRecent work has shown that more than just climate change aspects can benefit from addressing multiple environmental concerns (air/water quality, biodiversity, food security, human health, and so on)\r\n"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1093/icesjms/fsp047>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/13dd233a-3dcf-44fd-b31b-c1f433330039>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1038/nature06950>;
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1038/ngeo844>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/30bebfa7-9079-4265-a95e-f078adf7402b>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca-rolenitrogen-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/4b55a6d6-94ab-4ca9-abaf-e17bf9d86bc4>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-biogeochem-2012>;
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/biogeochemical-cycles/finding/biogeochem-cycle-climate-change>
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