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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   dcterms:identifier "decision-support-processes-tools-available";
   gcis:findingNumber "26.3"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Many decision support processes and tools are available. They can enable decision-makers to identify and assess response options, apply complex and uncertain information, clarify tradeoffs, strengthen transparency, and generate information on the costs and benefits of different choices."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "During March-June 2012, the author team engaged in multiple technical discussions via teleconference (6 telecons) and email and in a day-long in-person meeting (April 27, 2012, in Washington, D.C.). Authors reviewed over 50 technical inputs provided by the public and a wide variety of technical and scholarly literature related to decision support, including reports from the National Research Council that provided recent syntheses of the field (America’s Climate Choices series, especially the reports Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change and Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate). During the in-person meeting, authors reflected on the body of work informing the chapter and drafted a number of candidate critical messages that could be derived from the literature. Following the meeting, authors ranked these messages and engaged in expert deliberation via teleconference and email discussions in order to agree on a small number of key messages for the chapter."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "Description of evidence base\r\nMany decision support tools have been developed to support adaptive management in specific sectors or for specific issues. These tools include: risk assessments; geographic information system (GIS)-based analysis products; targeted projections for high-consequence events such as fires, floods, or droughts; vulnerability assessments; integrated assessment models; decision calendars; scenarios and scenario planning; and others. Many of these tools have been validated scientifically and evaluated from the perspective of users. They are described in the sector and regional chapters of this assessment. In addition, a variety of clearing houses and data management systems provide access to decision support information and tools (for example, CAKE 2012; NatureServe 2012).\r\nThere are many tools, some of which we discuss in the chapter, that are currently being used to make decisions that include a consideration of climate change and variability, or the impacts or vulnerabilities that would result from such changes.\r\nAlso important is the creation of a well-structured and transparent decision process that involves affected parties in problem framing, establishing decision criteria, fact finding, deliberation, and reaching conclusions. These aspects of decision-making are often overlooked by those who focus more on scientific inputs and tools, but given the high stakes and remaining uncertainties, they are crucial for effective decision-making on adaptation and mitigation.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "N/A"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "N/A"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/webpage/45a8d6ea-957d-49a1-b40a-12d878b82e88>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0908ba9d-f547-432f-84c7-0bb502ecae09>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/webpage/b69bc84f-2cb1-4d63-b9f2-85642a08ca5f>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/41ed7755-88f7-457d-90f9-e7b3e51f692b>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/generic/0dc85be9-f396-4466-9369-8bcdbe3b232a>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/43e3eb9c-261d-4ebe-8e2d-d68888a78037>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/5dce5300-d368-4ad2-9681-bbb4f24a7d50>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/5e3b5313-71b5-49e9-9590-67f16a9a6f67>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6d9810e4-53cb-4e6d-857b-4c912a1c6440>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nrc-inform-decisions-2009>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/7ab8b14a-38c7-4128-b0e3-fe1ab65edac0>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/decision-support/finding/decision-support-processes-tools-available>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nrc-informingresponse-2010>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/a230ab8f-a284-491a-91cd-45d7b8b32bdf>.