finding 26.2 : effective-decision-support-processes

To be effective, decision support processes need to take account of the values and goals of the key stakeholders, evolving scientific information, and the perceptions of risk.

This finding is from chapter 26 of Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment.

Process for developing key messages: During March-June 2012, the author team engaged in multiple technical discussions via teleconference (6 telecons) and email and in a day-long in-person meeting (April 27, 2012, in Washington, D.C.). Authors reviewed over 50 technical inputs provided by the public and a wide variety of technical and scholarly literature related to decision support, including reports from the National Research Council that provided recent syntheses of the field (America’s Climate Choices series, especially the reports Informing an Effective Response to Climate Changea230ab8f-a284-491a-91cd-45d7b8b32bdf and Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate7ab8b14a-38c7-4128-b0e3-fe1ab65edac0). During the in-person meeting, authors reflected on the body of work informing the chapter and drafted a number of candidate critical messages that could be derived from the literature. Following the meeting, authors ranked these messages and engaged in expert deliberation via teleconference and email discussions in order to agree on a small number of key messages for the chapter.

Description of evidence base: This message emphasizes that making a decision is more than picking the right tool and adopting its outcome. It is a process that should involve stakeholders, managers, and decision-makers to articulate and frame the decision, develop options, consider consequences (positive and negative), evaluate tradeoffs, make a decision, implement, evaluate, learn, and reassess.6d9810e4-53cb-4e6d-857b-4c912a1c6440 a230ab8f-a284-491a-91cd-45d7b8b32bdf Oftentimes having an inclusive, transparent decision process increases buy-in, regardless of whether a particular stakeholder’s preferred option is chosen.7ab8b14a-38c7-4128-b0e3-fe1ab65edac0 Decisions about investment in adaptation and mitigation measures occur in the context of uncertainty and high political and economic stakes, complicating the evaluation of information and its application in decision-making.7ab8b14a-38c7-4128-b0e3-fe1ab65edac0 a230ab8f-a284-491a-91cd-45d7b8b32bdf Decisions involve both scientific information and values – for example, how much risk is acceptable and what priorities and preferences are addressed.2b5c7bad-fea0-452f-adcf-028d2afc4c84

New information and remaining uncertainties: N/A

Assessment of confidence based on evidence: N/A

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