finding 26.5 : steps-to-improve-decision-processes

Steps to improve collaborative decision processes include developing new decision support tools and building human capacity to bridge science and decision-making.

This finding is from chapter 26 of Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment.

Process for developing key messages: During March-June 2012, the author team engaged in multiple technical discussions via teleconference (6 telecons) and email and in a day-long in-person meeting (April 27, 2012, in Washington, D.C.). Authors reviewed over 50 technical inputs provided by the public and a wide variety of technical and scholarly literature related to decision support, including reports from the National Research Council that provided recent syntheses of the field (America’s Climate Choices series, especially the reports Informing an Effective Response to Climate Changea230ab8f-a284-491a-91cd-45d7b8b32bdf and Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate7ab8b14a-38c7-4128-b0e3-fe1ab65edac0). During the in-person meeting, authors reflected on the body of work informing the chapter and drafted a number of candidate critical messages that could be derived from the literature. Following the meeting, authors ranked these messages and engaged in expert deliberation via teleconference and email discussions in order to agree on a small number of key messages for the chapter.

Description of evidence base: There are many challenges in communicating complex scientific information to decision makers and the public,875d64b5-1a96-4df1-99f7-53c1c79a789a and while “translation” of complex information is one issue, there are many others. Defining the scope and scale of the relevant climate change problem can raise both scientific and social questions. These questions require both scientific insights and consideration of values and social constructs, and require that participants engage in mutual learning and the co-production of relevant knowledge.1765bb6d-2d77-4592-8c9d-091e6f2c30ba Boundary processes that are collaborative and iterative25eca476-2f1e-47d4-a57a-653de923b6fd c37afa30-5cba-4d5b-9c16-b6d5b74fb6d9 among scientists, stakeholders, and decision-makers, such as joint fact finding and collaborative adaptive management, foster ongoing dialogue and increasing participants’ understanding of policy problems and information and analysis necessary to evaluate decision options.1d6f1a50-36e5-4e1e-8a5f-0abdb25e3f23 79337e9c-d88c-442f-8e7b-610f0d0eabfb Analysis of the conditions that contribute to their effectiveness of boundary processes is an emerging area of study.79337e9c-d88c-442f-8e7b-610f0d0eabfb A large body of literature notes that the ability of decision-makers to use data and tools has not kept pace with the rate at which new tools are developed, pointing to a need for “science translators” who can help decision-makers efficiently access and properly use data and tools that would be helpful in making more informed decisions in the context of climate change.7ab8b14a-38c7-4128-b0e3-fe1ab65edac0 65ce3b87-d63b-4582-a9b5-f25510b64e97 a230ab8f-a284-491a-91cd-45d7b8b32bdf 5a2122ce-faca-44f5-80b9-e560d6ca6baa 54c3e6c2-16a5-44fb-a9ae-a7b38ca82b90 621a1012-41e9-4bb9-8ef1-c1a3c81bfc29 bc8db8e6-2a76-44be-80a9-9fea63e4d577 97283f21-f440-4ed0-80bf-617c701ec6c1 The U.S. climate research effort has been strongly encouraged to improve integration of social and ecological sciences and to develop the capacity for decision support to help address the need to effectively incorporate advances in climate science into decision-making.0f05e824-6b71-4be0-9de7-289fa688997c

New information and remaining uncertainties: N/A

Assessment of confidence based on evidence: N/A

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