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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   dcterms:identifier "net-energy-use-projected-to-increase";
   gcis:findingNumber "4.2"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Higher summer temperatures will increase electricity use, causing higher summer peak loads, while warmer winters will decrease energy demands for heating. Net electricity use is projected to increase."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "The author team met bi-weekly by teleconference during the months of March through July 2012. Early in the development of key messages and a chapter outline, the authors reviewed all of the four dozen relevant technical input reports that were received in response to the Federal Register solicitation for public input. Selected authors participated in a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored workshop on Energy Supply and Use, December 29-30, 2011 in Washington, D.C. The workshop was organized specifically to inform a DOE technical input report and this National Climate Assessment and to engage stakeholders in this process. The authors selected key messages based on the risk and likelihood of impacts, associated consequences, and available evidence. Relevance to decision support within the energy sector was also an important criterion.\r\nThe U.S. maintains extensive data on energy supply and use. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy is a primary organization in this activity, and data with quality control, quality assurance, and expert review are available through EIA Web pages (for example, EIA 2012, EIA 2013)."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "Climate scenarios prepared for the NCA describe decreases in precipitation under the SRES A2 scenario, with the largest decreases across the Northwest and Southwest in the spring and summer.\r\nTechnical input reports (for example, Wilbanks et al.) summarize data and studies show that changes in water availability will affect energy production, and more specifically, that water shortages will constrain electricity production (Ch. 2: Our Changing Climate). The impacts of drought in Texas during 2011 are an example of the consequences of water shortages for energy production as well as other uses (Ch. 10: Energy, Water, and Land). Electric utility industry reports document potential consequences for operation of generating facilities. A number of power plants across the country have experienced interruptions due to water shortages.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "High. The evidence is compelling that insufficient water availability with climate change will affect energy production; however, simulations of climate change lack the detail needed to provide more specific information for decision support."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "An increasing number of documented incidents of interruptions in energy production due to water shortages provide strong evidence that decreased precipitation or drought will have consequences for energy production.\r\nThere is little uncertainty that water shortages due to climate change will affect energy production. But uncertainty about changes in precipitation and moisture regimes simulated by global climate models is significantly higher than for simulated warming. Additionally, climate change simulations lack the spatial and temporal detail required to analyze the consequences for water availability at finer scales (for example, local and regional). Finer-scale projections would be relevant to decisions about changes in energy facilities to reduce risk or adapt to water shortages associated with climate change.\r\n"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/noaa-techreport-nesdis-142-9>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0ebef171-4903-4aa6-b436-2936da69f84e>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/aeo2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2af3709d-81eb-48b7-9183-afc6c27015ea>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1088/1748-9326/5/4/044012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2c825d36-342b-4b91-a851-bcefdb5d42da>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/epri-1023676>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2e002d5f-fcf1-4d2e-a8b9-7f672a26e5a1>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-climchenergy-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3c34748e-be5d-4831-896e-70cbae0f0d22>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/pnnl-21185>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/552cc5f5-a7b3-4a64-8bee-98ae0cced150>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015001>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/843cf523-c36c-4e7d-8824-22f65394aad9>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/eia-mer072013>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/9f0adb9b-5a9c-4fc2-8df7-ebed4322e185>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/045803>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/d0828222-3fd7-4527-8d2a-895581c96ca3>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/net-energy-use-projected-to-increase>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-climchinfrastructure-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/f0803451-5a89-474a-974f-99c13fdc725d>.