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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   dcterms:identifier "weather-affects-energy-production";
   gcis:findingNumber "4.1"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Extreme weather events are affecting energy production and delivery facilities, causing supply disruptions of varying lengths and magnitudes and affecting other infrastructure that depends on energy supply. The frequency and intensity of certain types of extreme weather events are expected to change."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "The author team met bi-weekly by teleconference during the months of March through July 2012. Early in the development of key messages and a chapter outline, the authors reviewed all of the four dozen relevant technical input reports that were received in response to the Federal Register solicitation for public input. Selected authors participated in a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored workshop on Energy Supply and Use, December 29-30, 2011 in Washington, D.C. The workshop was organized specifically to inform a DOE technical input report and this National Climate Assessment and to engage stakeholders in this process. The authors selected key messages based on the risk and likelihood of impacts, associated consequences, and available evidence. Relevance to decision support within the energy sector was also an important criterion.\r\nThe U.S. maintains extensive data on energy supply and use. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy is a primary organization in this activity, and data with quality control, quality assurance, and expert review are available through EIA Web pages (for example, EIA 2012, EIA 2013).\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "A series of NCA workshops reviewed potential influences of climate change thus far on the frequency and intensity of certain types of extreme events. Numerous past extreme events demonstrate damage to energy facilities and infrastructure. Data assembled and reviewed by the Federal Government summarize typical costs associated with damage to energy facilities by extreme events. State and regional reports as well as data provided by public utilities document specific examples.\r\nDamage to Gulf Coast energy facilities and infrastructure by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 provides excellent examples to support this key message. Wildfire also damages transmission grids.\r\nThe authors benefited from Agency-sponsored technical input reports summarizing relevant data and information on energy supply and use as well as urban systems and infrastructure. A number of other technical input reports were relevant as well. These were reviewed carefully, particularly with regard to the identification of key messages.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "High. There is high consensus with moderate evidence that extreme weather events associated with climate change will increase disruptions of energy infrastructure and services in some locations."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "A series of NCA workshops reviewed potential influences of climate change thus far on the frequency and intensity of certain types of extreme events. Numerous past extreme events demonstrate damage to energy facilities and infrastructure. Data assembled and reviewed by the Federal Government summarize typical costs associated with damage to energy facilities by extreme events. State and regional reports as well as data provided by public utilities document specific examples.\r\nDamage to Gulf Coast energy facilities and infrastructure by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 provides excellent examples to support this key message. Wildfire also damages transmission grids.\r\nThe authors benefited from Agency-sponsored technical input reports summarizing relevant data and information on energy supply and use as well as urban systems and infrastructure. A number of other technical input reports were relevant as well. These were reviewed carefully, particularly with regard to the identification of key messages."^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nycpanelonclimch-cri2009>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/207ddc2e-343a-4017-83e1-9ac70c02f723>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/aeo2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2af3709d-81eb-48b7-9183-afc6c27015ea>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-climchenergy-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3c34748e-be5d-4831-896e-70cbae0f0d22>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1126/science.1208365>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/5e6d87ec-ca2c-4a4d-8dbf-e6669f8c4677>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ccsp-sap-2_1a-2007>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6ac1aea5-6b76-46e1-822e-664cb3d11e9a>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/analysisgroup-infrastructurevulnerabilitygulfcoast-2006>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/733c1cfe-178e-401d-8f80-b8cec0bbc6b3>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/webpage/6312fe4d-7d71-48a8-94e0-b86dce958a4f>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/8949c886-8b4a-4845-9acf-1047f829c0ea>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/eia-mer072013>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/9f0adb9b-5a9c-4fc2-8df7-ebed4322e185>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00021.1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/f03c8590-8b20-442a-a603-dee6c3bf70e1>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-climchinfrastructure-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/f0803451-5a89-474a-974f-99c13fdc725d>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/energy-supply-and-use/finding/weather-affects-energy-production>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.12.005>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/f9a98705-cc7b-4332-aea0-f91373199c86>.