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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   dcterms:identifier "bioenergy-benefits-consequences";
   gcis:findingNumber "7.3"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Bioenergy could emerge as a new market for wood and could aid in the restoration of forests killed by drought, insects, and fire."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "A central component of the process was a workshop held in July 2011 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service to guide the development of the technical input report (TIR). This session, along with numerous teleconferences, led to the foundational TIR, “Effects of Climatic Variability and Change on Forest Ecosystems: A Comprehensive Science Synthesis for the U.S. Forest Sector.” \r\nThe chapter authors engaged in multiple technical discussions via teleconference between January and June 2012, which included careful review of the foundational TIR and of 58 additional technical inputs provided by the public, as well as other published literature and professional judgment. Discussions were followed by expert deliberation of draft key messages by the authors and targeted consultation with additional experts by the lead author of each message.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The key message and supporting text summarize extensive evidence documented in the TIR, “Effects of Climatic Variability and Change on Forest Ecosystems: A Comprehensive Science Synthesis for the U.S. Forest Sector.” Technical input reports (58) on a wide range of topics were also received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input. \r\nStudies have shown that harvesting forest bioenergy can prevent carbon emissions and replace a portion of U.S. energy consumption to help reduce future climate change. Some newer literature has explored how use of forest bioenergy can replace a portion of current U.S. energy production from oil. Some more recent publications have reported some environmental benefits, such as improved water quality and better management of timber lands, that can result from forest bioenergy implementation.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "High. Forest growth substantially exceeds annual harvest for normal wood and paper products, and much forest harvest residue is now unutilized. Forest bioenergy will become viable if policy and economic energy valuations make it competitive with fossil fuels."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "The implications of forest product use for bioenergy depends on regional context and circumstances, such as feedstock type and prior management, land conditions, transport and storage logistics, conversion processes used to produce energy, distribution and use.\r\nThe potential for biomass energy to increase forest harvests has led to debates about whether biomass energy is net carbon neutral. The debate on biogenic emissions regulations revolves around how to account for emissions related to biomass production and use. Deforestation contributes to atmospheric CO2 concentration, and that contribution has been declining over time. The bioenergy contribution question is largely one of incentives for appropriate management. When forests have no value, they are burned or used inappropriately. Bioenergy can be produced in a way that provides more benefits than costs or vice versa. The market for energy from biomass appears to be ready to grow in response to energy pricing, policy, and demand; however, this industry is yet to be made a large-scale profitable enterprise in most regions of the United States.\r\n"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-tm-2011-224>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0169e20a-8550-4435-8db2-b149a7d1d94d>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1126/science.1161525>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/04b697c7-00a8-4018-9118-823a5cabba42>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/bioenergy-sustainability-at-the-regional-scale>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/154cffb6-4cf1-4b1f-8fee-a910cfaed3a0>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-tm-2005-66>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/1ff7435a-fc06-431c-b5ec-0b3c96a54146>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s00267-012-9907-5>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/32a45d13-0467-4839-a635-aa8788b4d753>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01149.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3dbabb47-edc2-4b4d-be52-222e2497a056>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01798.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/41269e24-05f2-4c4b-9425-5555d7fcf694>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usfs-pnw-gtr-870>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/78f2cbd8-d8f2-4d99-abbd-017bad4d52f1>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/epa-sab-12-011>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/97f668c5-f969-4bb6-b234-d51874a11ab8>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nrc-renewable-2011>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/9e8af8e6-bbef-489d-b963-dc7c8d3972a3>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/j.1757-1707.2012.01190.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/ac2a627c-7428-404d-90b3-fd11213a7620>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/j.1757-1707.2012.01169.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/b2867ce5-d6c6-449d-a562-945fec7bc993>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1038/nclimate1264>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/c8893279-4691-499f-bb5a-ca2f8e85401c>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/forests/finding/bioenergy-benefits-consequences>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/thermal-energy-electricity-and-transportation-fuels-from-wood>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/d5f8237a-e5c6-4dda-a85b-cbd5f43cdc56>.