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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   dcterms:identifier "existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate";
   gcis:findingNumber "19.5"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "The magnitude of expected changes will exceed those experienced in the last century. Existing adaptation and planning efforts are inadequate to respond to these projected impacts. "^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "A central component of the assessment process was the Great Plains Regional Climate assessment workshop that was held in August 2011 in Denver, CO, with approximately 40 attendees. The workshop began the process leading to a foundational Technical Input Report (TIR), the Great Plains Regional Climate Assessment Technical Report. The TIR consists of 18 chapters assembled by 37 authors representing a wide range of inputs including governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations, tribes, and other entities. \r\nThe chapter author team engaged in multiple technical discussions via regular teleconferences. These included careful review of the foundational TIR and of approximately 50 additional technical inputs provided by the public, as well as the other published literature, and professional judgment. These discussions were followed by expert deliberation of draft key messages by the authors during an in-person meeting in Kansas City in April 2012, wherein each message was defended before the entire author team prior to the key message being selected for inclusion in the report. These discussions were supported by targeted consultation with additional experts by the lead author of each message, and they were based on criteria that help define “key vulnerabilities”."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The key message and supporting text summarize extensive evidence documented in the Great Plains Technical Input Report. Technical inputs (47) on a wide range of topics were also received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input. \r\nA number of publications have looked at the requirements for adaptation of human and natural systems to climate change. These requirements include large- and small-scale planning, emphasis on restoring ecological systems and processes, realizing the importance of natural systems, and aligning the social and ecological goals. \r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "Climate trends over the past century, such as North Dakota warming more than any other state in the contiguous U.S., coupled with evidence of ecological changes and projections for further warming indicates medium confidence that climate patterns will be substantially different than those of the preceding century. While systematic evidence is currently lacking, emerging studies point toward a proclivity toward short-term planning and incremental adjustment rather than long-term strategies for evolving agricultural production systems, habitat management, water resources and societal changes. Evidence suggests that adaptation is ad hoc and isolated and will likely be inadequate to address the magnitude of social, economic, and environmental challenges that face the region. Overall confidence is medium."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "New information and remaining uncertainties\r\nNo clear catalog of ongoing adaptation activities exists for the Great Plains region. Initial steps towards such a catalog have been supported by the National Climate Assessment in association with NOAA’s Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments teams. The short-term nature of many planning activities has been described. Until a systematic assessment is conducted, most examples of adaptation are anecdotal. However, stresses in physical and social systems are readily apparent, as described in the other key messages. How communities, economic sectors, and social groups will respond to these stresses needs further study.\r\n"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/thresholds-in-ecological-and-socialecological-systems-a-developing-database>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/08a0dce6-6ec2-42de-9dd7-cbda0f5a8be8>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s00267-009-9324-6>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/19e37c65-d9b5-4520-ae3e-747dd363cb3c>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/scipp-assessmentok-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/23d16192-e3d7-489a-8e84-d5a761a54cb9>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1002/wcc.133>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3d715831-4555-4f0c-8f71-a9b93180f124>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.3763/cdev.2010.0064>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/4a9729e9-fcaf-4d32-806c-d8a7ce9afaa8>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca-techreport-great-plains-2013>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/5552509e-9af3-46dd-8920-78083bee05bc>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/thresholds-of-sustainability-policy-challenges-of-regime-shifts-in-coastal-areas>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/56c6e1a9-09ac-48f8-b02a-3ee8a86eaffe>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.02.001>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6680f9dd-f754-4c35-b516-ef83e4352d5c>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/7b4d6a51-8745-4052-a085-85620e578720>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6a83b4fd-59d5-4942-bc6b-8a4c95ca6731>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/undp-humansecurity-2008>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/8be39e11-6b13-4ae7-a8b0-aaf7955f7cf8>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1080/14693062.2007.9685660>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/a7d5afbe-8889-4774-be8d-6e21b6fcd55d>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s10584-011-0158-x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/c5f52295-5859-404e-80ac-9fd0b3adf0df>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/5b008dc7-5774-4d0f-88e8-54663c2cc95a>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/ce43af8c-eaca-4a01-b071-3abe04d9faba>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.3763/cdev.2010.0060>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/d78219a2-57ef-4fd4-813b-60bc403371c9>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/great-plains/finding/existing-adaptation-plans-inadequate>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/gpa-costateu-prepcentralgreatplains-2002>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/d873710b-8d1f-43fa-bb4f-2ffe216c089c>.