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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   dcterms:identifier "land-use-climate-processes";
   gcis:findingNumber "13.2"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Land-use and land-cover changes affect local, regional, and global climate processes."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "The author team benefited from a number of relevant technical input reports. One report described the findings of a three-day workshop held from November 29 to December 1, 2011 in Salt Lake City, in which a number of the chapter authors participated. Findings of the workshop provided a review of current issues and topics as well as the availability and quality of relevant data. In addition, from December 2011 through June 2012 the author team held biweekly teleconferences. Key messages were identified during this period and discussed in two phases, associated with major chapter drafts. An early draft identified a number of issues and key messages. Based on discussions with National Climate Assessment (NCA) leadership and other chapter authors, the Land Use and Land Cover Change authors identified and reached consensus on a final set of four key messages and organized most of the chapter to directly address these messages. The authors selected key messages based on the consequences and likelihood of impacts, the implied vulnerability, and available evidence. Relevance to decision support, mitigation, and adaptation was also an important criterion for the selection of key messages for the cross-cutting and foundational topic of this chapter."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The dependence of weather and climate processes on land surface properties is reasonably well understood in terms of the biophysical processes involved. Most climate models represent land-surface conditions and processes, though only recently have they begun to incorporate these conditions dynamically to represent changes in the land surface within a model run. Regional weather models are increasingly incorporating land surface characteristics. Extensive literature – as well as textbooks – documents this understanding, as do models of land surface processes and properties. A Technical Input report to the National Climate Assessment summarizes the literature and basic understanding of interactions between the atmosphere and land surface that influence climate.  Examples are provided within the chapter to demonstrate that land-use and land-cover change are affecting U.S. climate."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "Very High. The basic processes underlying the biophysics of interactions between the land surface and atmosphere are well understood. A number of examples and field studies are consistent in demonstrating effects of land use and land-cover change on the climate of the U.S."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "While there is little uncertainty about this key message in general, the heterogeneity of the U.S. landscape and associated processes, as well as regional and local variations in atmospheric processes, make it difficult to analyze or predict the character of land use and land cover influences on atmospheric processes at all scales."^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1002/joc.2094>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/062cab4d-e6a4-458a-8941-9485c1e9cdfb>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/1520-0450(2002)041%3C0689:RMBMUA%3E2.0.CO;2>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0e3dedb6-cea3-4d09-9c9c-74ab9bb83623>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/late-20th-century-land-change-in-the-central-california-valley-ecoregion>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/20a2fadd-ce98-440a-8245-35eef796dce8>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014%3C2430:OEFROD%3E2.0.CO;2>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3449fa91-2545-4625-b3f8-8a15f1e354ee>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/j.1749-8198.2007.00063.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/57b390b7-6a1b-42e0-8228-6dce780c4b99>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1029/2010JD014775>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/5fd4934a-2c98-4b94-8179-ff4536a243bf>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1002/joc.859>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/71fd8e9a-5d84-4d79-bff0-35da4ee4e999>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgs-open-file-report-2002-1155>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/74461848-086f-4ea7-b3b3-e1693e3a21d8>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgs-profpaper-1787>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/7591e0ad-a4cf-43cb-986f-8cc2d5d35b70>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca-lulcti-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/94a7e73a-f733-42d4-be5a-5bd6d861a6e4>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1191/0309133306pp484pr>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/c33568be-8745-48f0-8d1f-9178d4618c0a>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/2010JAMC1836.1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/fd18b4db-8742-4fe9-b588-4f8b5d3cb353>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/land-use-land-cover-change/finding/land-use-climate-processes>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1126/science.170.3964.1265>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/ff31c479-bfb9-4c80-8ea1-9486048e1abb>.