Figure : warming-seas-are-a-doubleblow-to-corals

Warming Seas Are a Double-blow to Corals

Figure 24.4

University of Puerto Rico
Ernesto Weil

This figure appears in chapter 24 of the Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment report.

A colony of star coral (Montastraea faveolata) off the southwestern coast of Puerto Rico (estimated to be about 500 years old) exemplifies the effect of rising water temperatures. Increasing disease due to warming waters killed the central portion of the colony (yellow portion in A), followed by such high temperatures that bleaching - or loss of symbiotic algae from coral - occurred from the surrounding tissue (white area in B). The coral then experienced more disease in the bleached area on the periphery (C) that ultimately killed the colony (D). (Photo credit: Ernesto Weil).

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This figure was created on January 03, 2013.

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