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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   dcterms:identifier "marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion";
   gcis:findingNumber "24.3"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Significant habitat loss will continue to occur due to climate change for many species and areas, including Arctic and coral reef ecosystems, while habitat in other areas and for other species will expand. These changes will consequently alter the distribution, abundance, and productivity of many marine species."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "A central component of the assessment process was the Oceans and Marine Resources Climate assessment workshop that was held January 23-24, 2012, at the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Silver Spring, MD, and simultaneously, via web teleconference, at NOAA in Seattle, WA. In the workshop, nearly 30 participants took part in a series of scoping presentations and breakout sessions that began the process leading to a foundational Technical Input Report (TIR) entitled “Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate: Technical Input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment.” The report, consisting of nearly 220 pages of text organized into 7 sections with numerous subsections and more than 1200 references, was assembled by 122 authors representing governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations, tribes, and other entities. \r\nThe chapter author team engaged in multiple technical discussions via teleconferences that permitted a careful review of the foundational TIR and of approximately 25 additional technical inputs provided by the public, as well as the other published literature, and professional judgment. The chapter author team met at Conservation International in Arlington, VA on 3-4 May 2012 for expert deliberation of draft key messages by the authors, wherein each message was defended before the entire author team before the key message was selected for inclusion in the report. These discussions were supported by targeted consultation with additional experts by the lead author of each message to help define “key vulnerabilities.”"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The key message is supported by extensive evidence documented in the Oceans Technical Input Report and additional technical inputs received as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input, as well as stakeholder engagement leading up to drafting the chapter. \r\nMany peer-reviewed publications describe threats to coral reefs induced by global change.\r\nThere are also many relevant and recent peer-reviewed publications that discuss impacts on marine species and resources of habitat change that is induced by climate change. \r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "There is very high confidence that habitat and ecosystems are changing due to climate change, but that change is not unidirectional by any means. Distribution, abundance, and productivity changes are species and location dependent and may be increasing or decreasing in a complex pattern. "^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "Regional and local variation is, again, a major component of the remaining uncertainties. Different areas, habitats, and species are responding differently and have very different adaptive capacities. Those species that are motile will certainly respond differently, or at least at a different rate, by changing distribution and migration patterns, compared to species that do not move, such as corals. \r\nAlthough it is clear that some fish stocks are moving poleward and to deeper water, how far they will move and whether most species will move remains unclear. A key uncertainty is the extent to which various areas will benefit from range expansions of valuable species or increases in productivity, while other areas will suffer as species move away from previously productive areas. The loss of critically important habitat due to climate change will result in changes in species interactions that are difficult to predict. \r\n"^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01488.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/006ce4db-d72c-400a-a409-c6a536e55664>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgcrp-ti-oceans-marine-2013>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/018aba6e-7bff-4124-ae9a-f2521e683bd1>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1890/07-0564.1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/128194f0-1295-4321-a7bf-a8dee1fc2247>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/wri-reefs-at-risk-2011>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3d9112b9-6aa1-4614-9599-6966c9591ef9>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1126/science.1111322>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3f1b7fd7-3b1b-4b7f-8b68-802eddde7a27>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.3354/meps08220>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/8b09bbe8-9f42-412e-a4d6-ef4889f56556>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1126/science.1152509>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/b09adbe5-6a17-4d3c-ab96-b3d9e306af67>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.3354/meps08751>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/b78bfacb-e00f-4af6-8ad7-dff157f8b8b4>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1093/icesjms/fsr012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/c767db68-2732-424b-9dc6-e6bf94bc7a8e>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1577/1548-8659(1993)122%3C0647:CCAMFD%3E2.3.CO;2>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/d7265962-536c-4002-b3a7-1ed6e8841753>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/oceans-marine-resources/finding/marine-habitat-loss-and-expansion>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/BF02691311>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/f516a114-4604-4062-a1b3-e70a4cbbba9e>.