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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   dcterms:identifier "native-life-affected-by-water-change";
   gcis:findingNumber "12.2"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "A significant decrease in water quality and quantity due to a variety of factors, including climate change, is affecting drinking water, food, and cultures. Native communities’ vulnerabilities and limited capacity to adapt to water-related challenges are exacerbated by historical and contemporary government policies and poor socioeconomic conditions."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess " A central component of the assessment process was participation by members of the Chapter Author Team in a number of climate change meetings attended by indigenous peoples and other interested parties, focusing on issues relevant to tribal and indigenous peoples. These meetings included:\nOklahoma Inter-Tribal Meeting on Climate Variability and Change held on December 12, 2011, at the National Weather Center, Norman, OK, attended by 73 people.\nIndigenous Knowledge and Education (IKE) Hui Climate Change and Indigenous Cultures forum held in January 2012 in Hawai‘i and attended by 36 people.\nAlaska Forum on the Environment held from February 6-10, 2012, at the Dena’ina Convention Center in Anchorage, Alaska, and attended by about 1400 people with approximately 30 to 60 people per session.\nStories of Change: Coastal Louisiana Tribal Communities’ Experiences of a Transforming Environment, a workshop held from January 22-27, 2012, in Pointe-au-Chein, Louisiana, and attended by 47 people.\nAmerican Indian Alaska Native Climate Change Working Group 2012 Spring Meeting held from April 23–24, 2012, at the Desert Diamond Hotel-Casino in Tucson, Arizona, and attended by 80 people."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The key message and supporting chapter text summarizes extensive evidence documented in more than 200 technical input reports on a wide range of topics that were received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input.\nThere are numerous examples of tribal observations of changes in precipitation, rainfall patterns, and storm intensity and impacts on surface water features, agriculture, grazing, medicinal and culturally important plants and animals, and water resources.\nExamples of ceremonies are included in the Oklahoma Inter-Tribal Meeting on Climate Variability and Change Meeting Summary Report. Water is used for some ceremonies, so it can be problematic when there is not enough at the tribe’s disposal. More than one tribe at the meeting also expressed how heat has been a problem during ceremonies because the older citizens cannot go into lodges that lack air conditioning."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "Based on the evidence and remaining uncertainties, confidence is very high that decreases in water quality and quantity are affecting Native Americans and Alaska Natives’ drinking water supplies, food, cultures, ceremonies, and traditional ways of life. Based upon extensive evidence, there is very high confidence that Native communities’ vulnerabilities and lack of capacity to adapt to climate change are exacerbated by historical and contemporary federal and state land-use policies and practices, political marginalization, legal issues associated with tribal water rights, water infrastructure deficiencies, and poor socioeconomic conditions.\nChapter 12: Indigenous Peoples, Lands, and Resources\nKey Message Process: See key message #1."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "There is limited data to establish baseline climatic conditions on tribal lands, and many tribes do not have sufficient capacity to monitor changing conditions. Without monitoring, tribal decision-makers lack the data needed to quantify and evaluate the current conditions and emerging trends in precipitation, streamflow, and soil moisture, and to plan and manage resources accordingly.\nWater infrastructure is in disrepair or lacking on some reservations. There is an overall lack of financial resources to support basic water infrastructure on tribal lands, such as is found in the Southwest.\nTribes that rely on water resources to maintain their cultures, religions, and life ways are especially vulnerable to climate change. Monitoring data is needed to establish baseline climatic conditions and to monitor changing conditions on tribal lands. Uncertainty associated with undefined tribal water rights makes it difficult to determine strategies to deal with water resource issues."^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/generic/051de450-afe4-4697-8a28-b79ee056a722>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0808ea70-a152-4f50-abda-90370beb3632>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/generic/f3cbb3bb-11c4-41d4-b75f-6de6d8a25600>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2d423414-dc26-4edc-85e0-6f99bdc6283c>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca-techreport-great-plains-2013>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/5552509e-9af3-46dd-8920-78083bee05bc>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgcrp-nativepeoples-workshop>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/55866e23-04c0-406a-aee0-6df58cde18be>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s10584-013-0736-1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6848eec2-534b-4629-967c-53d8530089a3>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s10584-013-0745-0>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/7bc1ebe9-955f-4c9f-a54c-f718e354d5ca>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/oklahoma-inter-tribal-2011>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/7fbb768c-d8cf-48a5-88b4-dddb6d254013>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/842903de-6ded-43d7-9f25-19149a85349e>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/isdr-usgs-disasterrisk-2011>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/94694c3f-1703-4387-b6e7-114a8d04e3de>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgs-factsheet-2011-3085>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/953476ae-1357-48a5-99d8-1daf963f0a3c>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/c9625c65-c20f-4163-87fe-cebf734f7836>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/9711f2e3-f3b1-4d25-bc0a-47fd17b56e41>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/hualapai-cdcp-2003>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/9f68d45c-f1ef-41f9-8593-b848ad8e08bb>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgcrp-primo-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/a55e1352-b4c6-42f8-bafa-a920c9e1107b>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nidis-2010-climate-change-drought>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/a5871479-b466-4af9-8cf6-6a5f8f94dd39>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/coastal-louisiana-tribal-communities-stories-of-change-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/bbc3c75e-6c21-4e60-8285-514cde885865>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/climas-droughtprepsouthwest2010-2011>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/bc2f63ad-916f-466f-9c79-f3304447e3a2>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s10584-013-0737-0>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/c1162288-6379-4b60-b573-d0f8482d8fa0>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s10584-013-0733-4>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/debdf209-4050-4706-965c-09cff7ec353b>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/tribal-indigenous-native-lands-resources/finding/native-life-affected-by-water-change>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s10584-013-0747-y>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/e061ef38-98af-418f-8a2a-6a60fabda25e>.