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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   dcterms:identifier "urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity";
   gcis:findingNumber "11.3"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity of urban residents and communities are influenced by pronounced social inequalities that reflect age, ethnicity, gender, income, health, and (dis)ability differences."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "In developing key messages, the report author team engaged in multiple technical discussions via teleconference. A consensus process was used to determine the final set of key messages, which are supported by extensive evidence documented in two Technical Report Inputs to the National Climate Assessment on urban systems, infrastructure, and vulnerability: 1) Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities: Technical Report for the U.S. Department of Energy in Support of the National Climate Assessment , and 2) U.S. Cities and Climate Change: Urban, Infrastructure, and Vulnerability Issues . Other Technical Input reports (56) on a wide range of topics were also received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The topic of social vulnerability has been extensively studied, with some work detailing the social characteristics that are the most influential. More recent work has addressed the vulnerability of populations to climate change and how social inequalities influence capacity to adapt to climate change. Some empirical studies of U.S. urban areas were explored concerning these issues."^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "Given the evidence base and remaining uncertainties, confidence is very high that the climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity of urban residents and communities are influenced by pronounced social inequalities that reflect age, ethnicity, gender, income, health, and (dis)ability differences"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "Given that population trends and socioeconomic factors associated with vulnerability and adaptive capacity are well established and documented, the largest uncertainties are associated with the rate and extent of potential climate change. Recent work has addressed the social vulnerabilities to climate change at a more detailed level than in the past, providing information on the constraints that social vulnerabilities can have on climate change adaptation."^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/usgcrp-cities-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/01b45a4a-2021-405d-a65b-2340e9ca9677>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nrc-facinghazards-2006>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/4911d097-60c1-4af8-b0ba-aeb1879f05b4>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ipcc-srex>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6d7209f8-ba52-4dc1-a779-aae07faafe12>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/1540-6237.8402002>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/796c4617-7dcd-433e-bb0e-805cdab4c136>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ipcc-srex>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/7de045e2-16db-4f08-884f-58acf3c1f782>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/1ea2a38f-c7aa-4360-b365-68153be21331>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/827dcea9-fecc-466b-9a35-15862fe496a7>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/58594dc2-005e-4581-bbfe-6d75d1e8d5c8>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/8f130c5e-1565-41f1-bd2e-47ba49c43d2a>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1175/2011WCAS1092.1>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/a7e5b6c2-f086-46b7-86a3-931c740ea774>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.02.006>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/b861c498-f85c-49af-8cdc-4dc4aea127f5>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.05.002>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/d1f166f4-f6a2-4c5a-a884-e01c2f847715>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.4031/002533206787353123>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/eb5203ca-5d71-48af-8952-09b461caa155>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/urban-systems-infrastructure-vulnerability/finding/urban-vulnerability-adaptive-capacity>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ornl-climchinfrastructure-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/f0803451-5a89-474a-974f-99c13fdc725d>.