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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   dcterms:identifier "energy-dependence-on-land-water";
   gcis:findingNumber "10.2"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "The dependence of energy systems on land and water supplies will influence the development of these systems and options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as well as their climate change vulnerability."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "The authors met for a one-day face-to-face meeting, and held teleconferences approximately weekly from March through August 2012. They considered a variety of technical input documents, including a Technical Input Report prepared through an interagency process, and 59 other reports submitted through the Federal Register Notice request for public input. The key messages were selected based on expert judgment, derived from the set of examples assembled to demonstrate the character and consequences of interactions among the energy, water, and land resource sectors.\r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "The key message and supporting text summarizes extensive evidence documented in the Technical Input Report (TIR): Climate and Energy-Water-Land System Interactions: Technical Report to the U.S. Department of Energy in Support of the National Climate Assessment. Technical input reports (59) on a wide range of topics were also received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input. \r\nSynthesis and Assessment Product 2.1 of the Climate Change Science Program, which informed the prior National Climate Assessment, describes relationships among different future mixtures of energy sources, and associated radiative forcing of climate change, as a context for evaluating emissions mitigation options.\r\nEnergy, water, and land linkages represent constraints, risks, and opportunities for private/public planning and investment decisions. There are evolving water and land requirements for four energy technologies: natural gas from shale, solar power, biofuels, and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). Each of these four technologies could contribute to reducing U.S. emissions of greenhouse gases. These technologies illustrate energy, water, and land linkages and other complexities for the design, planning, and deployment of our energy future.\r\nEvidence for energy production and use are derived from U.S. government reports. The contributions of hydraulic fracturing to natural gas production are based on a brief article by the Energy Information Administration and a primer by the U.S. Department of Energy. Information about water and energy demands for utility-scale solar power facilities is derived from two major DOE reports. Distribution of U.S. solar energy resources is from Web-based products of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (http://www.nrel.gov/gis/). On biofuels, there are government data on the scale of biomass-based energy, and studies on water and land requirements  and other social and environmental aspects. \r\n"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "Given the evidence base and remaining uncertainties, confidence is high. The primary limitation on confidence assigned to this key message is with respect to its generality and dependence on technological advances. Energy technology development has the potential to reduce water and land requirements, and to reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts. It is difficult to forecast success in this regard for technologies such as CCS that are still in early phases of development"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "There are no major uncertainties regarding this key message. Progress in development and deployment of the energy technologies described has tended to follow a pattern: potential constraints arise because of dependence on water and land resources, but then these constraints motivate advances in technology to reduced dependence or result in adjustments of societal priorities. There are uncertainties in how energy systems’ dependence on water will be limited by other resources, such as land; uncertainties about the effects on emissions and the development and deployment of future energy technologies; and uncertainties about the impacts of climate change on energy systems."^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ipcc-srccs>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0ffe8043-c4c5-43aa-b3c9-8c80e143c582>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/aeo2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2af3709d-81eb-48b7-9183-afc6c27015ea>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/doe-go-102012-3037>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3d273a88-b8b4-48dc-ac84-8d7c3ae7db3e>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/pnnl-21185>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/552cc5f5-a7b3-4a64-8bee-98ae0cced150>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/ccsp-sap-2_1a-2007>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/6ac1aea5-6b76-46e1-822e-664cb3d11e9a>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/doe-concentratingsolar-2009>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/70a7ccad-a525-412e-8572-325814906b45>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/doe-shalegasprimer-2009>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/7fbbe803-8d4a-479d-8720-920585f24743>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/cbd-technicalseries-65-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/8770e028-6f1d-4d2d-887b-f8a3a033b3d0>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nrc-renewable-2011>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/9e8af8e6-bbef-489d-b963-dc7c8d3972a3>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nrel-tp-6a20-52409-1-2012>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/b80498ce-9f36-4afb-a060-8716331b2041>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca2>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/e251f590-177e-4ba6-8ed1-6f68b5e54c8a>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca3/chapter/water-energy-land-use/finding/energy-dependence-on-land-water>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/eia-0131-10>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/e6d73a34-70a6-4cd0-a629-a3e7dd394e65>.