Figure : conceptual-diagram

Climate Change, Ecosystems, and Ecosystem Services

Figure 7.1

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Jeffrey Morisette, Madeleine Rubenstein, Sarah R. Weiskopf, Jay Peterson

This figure appears in chapter 7 of the Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II report.

Climate and non-climate stressors interact synergistically on biological diversity, ecosystems, and the services they provide for human well-being. The impact of these stressors can be reduced through the ability of organisms to adapt to changes in their environment, as well as through adaptive management of the resources upon which humans depend. Biodiversity, ecosystems, ecosystem services, and human well-being are interconnected: biodiversity underpins ecosystems, which in turn provide ecosystem services; these services contribute to human well-being. Ecosystem structure and function can also influence the biodiversity in a given area. The use of ecosystem services by humans, and therefore the well-being humans derive from these services, can have feedback effects on ecosystem services, ecosystems, and biodiversity. Sources: NOAA, USGS, and DOI.

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This figure was created on March 30, 2018.

This figure was submitted on November 30, 2018.

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