Figure : marine-ecosystem-services

Marine Ecosystem Services

Figure 9.1

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
C. Taylor Armstrong

This figure appears in chapter 9 of the Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II report.

The diagram shows some marine ecosystems (center) and the services they provide to human communities (outer ring). Marine ecosystems in the United States range from tropical coral reefs (center bottom) to sea ice ecosystems in the Arctic (center top). They also include ecosystems with freely drifting plankton (center left) and with animals and seaweed that live on the ocean bottom (center right). Climate change is disrupting the structure and function of marine ecosystems in the United States and altering the services they provide to people. These services include food from fishing (commercial, recreational, and subsistence harvest) and aquaculture, economic benefits from tourism, protection of coastal property from storms, and nonmarket goods such as the cultural identity of coastal communities. Source: NOAA.

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This figure was created on March 19, 2018.

This figure was submitted on November 23, 2018.

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