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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
@prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> .
@prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> .
@prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> .

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   dcterms:identifier "key-message-19-3";
   gcis:findingNumber "19.3"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement " <p>The Southeast’s diverse natural systems, which provide many benefits to society, will be transformed by climate change (<em>very likely, high confidence</em>). Changing winter temperature extremes, wildfire patterns, sea levels, hurricanes, floods, droughts, and warming ocean temperatures are expected to redistribute species and greatly modify ecosystems (<em>very likely, high confidence</em>). As a result, the ecological resources that people depend on for livelihood, protection, and well-being are increasingly at risk, and future generations can expect to experience and interact with natural systems that are much different than those that we see today (<em>very likely, high confidence</em>).</p>"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:findingProcess "<p>Prior to identifying critical issues for the Southeast assessment focuses for the Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4), the Chapter Lead (CL) contacted numerous professional colleagues representing various geographic areas (e.g., Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina) for expert opinions on critical climate change related issues impacting the region, with a particular emphasis on emerging issues since the Third National Climate Assessment (NCA3) effort.{{< tbib '77' '7bdd9d20-6e83-40ab-8d50-68272c2b3dc9' >}} Following those interviews, the CL concluded that the most pressing climate change issues to focus on for the NCA4 effort were extreme events, flooding (both from rainfall and sea level rise), wildfire, health issues, ecosystems, and adaptation actions. Authors with specific expertise in each of these areas were sought, and a draft outline built around these issues was developed. Further refinement of these focal areas occurred in conjunction with the public Regional Engagement Workshop, held on the campus of North Carolina State University in March 2017 and in six satellite locations across the Southeast region. The participants agreed that the identified issues were important and suggested the inclusion of several other topics, including impacts on coastal and rural areas and people, forests, and agriculture. Based on the subsequent authors’ meeting and input from NCA staff, the chapter outline and Key Messages were updated to reflect a risk-based framing in the context of a new set of Key Messages. The depth of discussion for any particular topic and Key Message is dependent on the availability of supporting literature and chapter length limitations.</p>"^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "<p>Winter temperature extremes, fire regimes, sea levels, hurricanes, rainfall extremes, drought extremes, and warming ocean temperatures greatly influence the distribution, abundance, and performance of species and ecosystems.</p> <p>Winter air temperature extremes (for example, freezing and chilling events) constrain the northern limit of many tropical and subtropical species.{{< tbib '30' '9cef8d69-7596-480a-81b6-abd09ff1c1e3' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '48' 'fe86238e-eab4-4c02-a7dd-19bcd96a2613' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '127' '59a8ba69-97e3-4a57-8625-45764b465463' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '132' '30e64f09-40ad-4aa8-8a20-ecc203f91914' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '135' '31446ba7-4409-483b-b467-ae773a9ba950' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '138' '829784a1-9b0f-454b-8418-0acc7f6e4508' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '139' '613c4c80-9df1-43a5-9990-5387092c74c8' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '140' 'fb5567e7-7296-4ea0-8749-76c74eae20d5' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '141' '9b30cb39-2de7-468b-a292-d758d56c4aa3' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '142' '0a8508df-df59-4080-89a2-52bfeaca47e0' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '143' '01b0f914-7423-4f14-8ba9-84eb40e00ab9' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '144' 'ed8b17d0-d3f4-4fc8-bd1c-3034b4ea2599' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '145' '28476a59-c86d-492e-aa97-ec61713f9775' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '148' '2bc3a5f0-95b4-46c5-b4bb-6984f01bb3fa' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '149' 'e3f0f82a-4c3d-4c01-924e-5b396ab55f7d' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '150' '64dedf01-8a9b-49ce-b494-410a386befbe' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '152' '6b60f34d-c84f-4bdd-84a8-78ff37ea2b2e' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '166' 'ef49ecb5-1388-4e6c-bc78-ba94ea897c0c' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '167' '04bcac75-caf7-452a-b1c8-de49f216c240' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '168' '4ac9e33c-35e4-4d28-a720-da17cb3baa49' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '169' 'b61cb4f4-19bd-4342-8817-9b42e069afc7' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '170' '959c3aa0-bdde-4ee9-9b39-2f1ee2eb079f' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '172' '3a87a3e6-3e40-4a5d-8b61-2071f8cfadbe' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '173' '44cdf44a-701f-4752-9980-cd02c4542d08' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '174' 'd01b509f-4eeb-44e9-ba26-e7d21b81e3eb' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '175' '1c389f43-4f1a-4f94-a537-3538aa444497' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '176' '4dfdd8ce-b51b-488f-ac53-0522b91111cd' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '177' 'da29fed3-0376-4167-95f1-90cd096a6ddd' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '178' '43afbc10-9da8-467e-b65f-448599b05dd0' >}} In the future, warmer winter temperatures are expected to facilitate the northward movement of cold-sensitive species, often at the expense of cold-tolerant species.{{< tbib '132' '30e64f09-40ad-4aa8-8a20-ecc203f91914' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '135' '31446ba7-4409-483b-b467-ae773a9ba950' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '142' '0a8508df-df59-4080-89a2-52bfeaca47e0' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '145' '28476a59-c86d-492e-aa97-ec61713f9775' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '149' 'e3f0f82a-4c3d-4c01-924e-5b396ab55f7d' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '150' '64dedf01-8a9b-49ce-b494-410a386befbe' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '152' '6b60f34d-c84f-4bdd-84a8-78ff37ea2b2e' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '166' 'ef49ecb5-1388-4e6c-bc78-ba94ea897c0c' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '169' 'b61cb4f4-19bd-4342-8817-9b42e069afc7' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '173' '44cdf44a-701f-4752-9980-cd02c4542d08' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '179' 'e4313895-fb80-4d31-906c-2fadb9da71de' >}} Certain ecosystems are located near thresholds where small changes in winter air temperature regimes can trigger comparatively large and abrupt landscape-scale ecological changes (i.e., ecological regime shifts).{{< tbib '135' '31446ba7-4409-483b-b467-ae773a9ba950' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '145' '28476a59-c86d-492e-aa97-ec61713f9775' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '152' '6b60f34d-c84f-4bdd-84a8-78ff37ea2b2e' >}}</p> <p>Changing fire regimes are expected to have a large impact on natural systems. Fire has historically played an important role in the region, and ecological diversity in many southeastern natural systems is dependent upon fire.{{< tbib '115' '56b229a1-fc34-4010-9b6e-3ab94c77b49c' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '116' 'cfc7534a-a88e-47c0-bff4-47f7416ccc1e' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '134' '52b8c0e6-00b2-42aa-9df5-6d46fe600b7d' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '189' '4cf69f1f-d269-4a5d-8aae-cdd7cedec70f' >}} In the future, rising temperatures and increases in the duration and intensity of drought are expected to increase wildfire occurrence and also reduce the effectiveness of prescribed fire.{{< tbib '3' 'de4a77df-03ba-4319-a13f-7fdefbb353a5' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '4' 'bb7efb4d-1cf9-4ce8-84e7-768910318053' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '5' '54bc1048-87de-40b1-9f21-7482e2de3883' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '6' '09848305-b2eb-4468-bab9-036dd20b9c2e' >}}</p> <p>Hurricanes and rising sea levels are aspects of climate change that will have a tremendous effect on coastal ecosystems in the Southeast. Historically, coastal ecosystems in the region have adjusted to sea level rise via vertical and/or horizontal movement across the landscape.{{< tbib '125' '6c5f197a-cfe5-4433-9bce-2c53a1939f2d' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '129' '7fb4916b-6576-4ceb-b3c0-dfb0ddbcc7be' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '200' '36ca022b-b59b-405a-a575-f21196e2bfe1' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '201' '3bffd087-0af7-47d7-8a00-a21f0fc63569' >}} As sea levels rise in the future, some coastal ecosystems will be submerged and converted to open water, and some coastal ecosystems will move inland at the expense of upslope and upriver ecosystems.{{< tbib '203' '79a38ee0-fa95-411e-bb5d-48d0e34554cb' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '204' '47e2e36b-27de-461f-8188-2d04216da2a5' >}} Since coastal terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems are highly sensitive to increases in inundation and/or salinity, sea level rise will result in the comparatively rapid conversion of these systems to tidal saline habitats. In addition to sea level rise, climate change is expected to increase the impacts of hurricanes; the high winds, storm surges, inundation, and salts that accompany hurricanes will have large ecological impacts to terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems.{{< tbib '209' 'babe9483-5a5a-4167-b004-9e80ab8f0db1' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '210' '465fa644-f252-49a8-ae70-b1a8ca976c04' >}}</p> <p>Climate change is expected to intensify the hydrologic cycle and increase the frequency and severity of extreme events. Extreme drought events are expected to become more frequent and severe. Drought and extreme heat can result in tree mortality and transform southeastern forested ecosystems.{{< tbib '217' 'a073cf8e-8d74-4f11-bfe2-d3494b9bcc7a' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '218' '878be8a3-989e-497d-af88-5417df6ab074' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '219' 'd8731246-25c1-4f5f-95ed-26eb14d03840' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '220' 'fc6e40e3-32d7-4d49-82c5-8fe3d9845886' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '221' '57d6bbe1-4347-43e1-8727-de49161037bb' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '222' 'acd8431a-2d31-4bfd-b64f-905f7c066b74' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '223' '298cdb3f-64e7-4ac9-814c-f8deefbf964b' >}} Drought can also affect aquatic and wetland ecosystems.{{< tbib '224' '989a57fc-3c12-4ed1-a80d-0c765a119a3f' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '225' '77518d3d-0483-46e5-a6d6-8a57cd7b9969' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '226' 'f642c166-4880-4ce0-b798-d00f4ce73486' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '227' '938aaf30-da39-4990-a2fb-30518482f772' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '228' '0b46c942-55d2-4926-86d3-7afe04a29825' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '229' '93f9d2a2-b3db-489d-9b0b-49a8a302d73a' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '232' '3994dfa3-042a-41bc-b976-8e5a99ddba12' >}} Extreme rainfall events are also expected to become more frequent and severe in the future. The prolonged inundation and lack of oxygen that result from extreme rainfall events can also result in mortality and large impacts to natural systems.{{< tbib '233' 'f3efb037-04cf-442a-8d41-812d21f7a6c8' >}} In combination, future increases in both extreme drought and extreme rainfall are expected to transform many southeastern ecosystems.</p> <p>Warming ocean temperatures due to climate change are expected to have a large effect on marine and coastal ecosystems.{{< tbib '234' 'cfdaea11-95e2-4789-914b-74901b2f26b0' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '235' '91134a9b-6dde-4607-bc9f-6301da1e1800' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '236' '4c1d952b-234b-4f64-8757-d94e3565b067' >}} Many species are sensitive to small changes in ocean temperature; hence, the distribution and abundance of marine organisms are expected to be greatly altered by increasing ocean temperatures. For example, the distribution of tropical herbivorous fish has been expanding in response to warmer waters, which has resulted in the tropicalization of some temperate marine ecosystems and decreases in the cover of valuable macroalgal plant communities.{{< tbib '179' 'e4313895-fb80-4d31-906c-2fadb9da71de' >}} A decrease in the growth of sea turtles in the West Atlantic has been linked to higher ocean temperatures.{{< tbib '237' '6a37fde2-5a4b-470e-b14b-304ca956b4b6' >}} The impacts to coral reef ecosystems have been and are expected to be particularly dire. Coral reef mortality in the Florida Keys and across the globe has been very high in recent decades, due in part to warming ocean temperatures, nutrient enrichment, overfishing, and coastal development.{{< tbib '240' 'b09adbe5-6a17-4d3c-ab96-b3d9e306af67' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '241' '41a1d67f-e2ba-4cb0-857f-8fce73368301' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '242' '1ea5ba53-3e63-45ad-ae18-ce49750ea571' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '243' '78e5de17-2746-4800-8c79-082715ff4e37' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '244' '4ee62705-7f16-4bd9-871b-cd103d8439fa' >}} Coral elevation and volume in the Florida Keys have been declining in recent decades,{{< tbib '245' '5c1b02bb-0002-4f57-9a64-68a8d0539cfa' >}} and present-day temperatures in the region are already close to bleaching thresholds; hence, it is likely that many of the remaining coral reefs in the Southeast will be lost in the coming decades.{{< tbib '246' 'bd3dbfa7-8dc4-4442-9cf2-14f583dc4a36' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '247' 'c3eee222-c3b5-4e90-a034-5e90f96c2687' >}} In addition to warming temperatures, accelerated ocean acidification is also expected to contribute to coral reef mortality and decline.{{< tbib '248' 'e684169c-60a2-4c78-a724-36fb93fb385a' >}}<sup class='cm'>,</sup>{{<tbib '249' '7ab1d9e1-75a1-48c5-8d85-02258496f919' >}}</p> "^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "<p>There is <em>high confidence</em> that climate change (e.g., changing winter temperatures extremes, changing fire regimes, rising sea levels and hurricanes, warming ocean temperatures, and more extreme rainfall and drought) will <em>very likely</em> affect natural systems in the Southeast region. These climatic drivers play critical roles and greatly influence the distribution, structure, and functioning of ecosystems; hence, changes in these climatic drivers will transform ecosystems in the region and greatly alter the distribution and abundance of species.</p> "^^xsd:string;
   
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "<p>In the Southeast, winter temperature extremes, fire regimes, sea level fluctuations, hurricanes, extreme rainfall, and extreme drought all play critical roles and greatly influence the distribution, structure, and function of species and ecosystems. Changing climatic conditions (particularly, changes in the frequency and severity of climate extremes) are, however, difficult to replicate via experimental manipulations; hence, ecological responses to future climate regimes have not been fully quantified for all species and ecosystems. Natural ecosystems are complex and governed by many interacting biotic and abiotic processes. Although it is possible to make general predictions of climate change effects, specific future ecological transformations can be difficult to predict, especially given the number of interacting and changing biotic and abiotic factors in any specific location. Uncertainties in the range of potential future changes in multiple and concurrent facets of climate and land-use change also affect our ability to predict changes to natural systems.</p> "^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:


<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/frost-survival-plants-responses-adaptation-freezing-stress>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/01b0f914-7423-4f14-8ba9-84eb40e00ab9>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/917119e1-871d-4e6d-aecd-d1b7d97342fa>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/04bcac75-caf7-452a-b1c8-de49f216c240>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.002>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/09848305-b2eb-4468-bab9-036dd20b9c2e>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034001>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0a8508df-df59-4080-89a2-52bfeaca47e0>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1071/MF16322>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/0b46c942-55d2-4926-86d3-7afe04a29825>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/historical-annotated-review-winter-kills-marine-organisms-texas-bays>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/1c389f43-4f1a-4f94-a537-3538aa444497>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1007/s12237-014-9875-5>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/1ea5ba53-3e63-45ad-ae18-ce49750ea571>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/gcb.13084>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/28476a59-c86d-492e-aa97-ec61713f9775>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1038/nclimate1693>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/298cdb3f-64e7-4ac9-814c-f8deefbf964b>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/history-florida-citrus-freezes>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/2bc3a5f0-95b4-46c5-b4bb-6984f01bb3fa>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1038/nclimate3203>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/30e64f09-40ad-4aa8-8a20-ecc203f91914>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/gcb.12126>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/31446ba7-4409-483b-b467-ae773a9ba950>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/book/c89a36fc-d70f-47e7-8adc-e3cbd6cb5bda>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/36ca022b-b59b-405a-a575-f21196e2bfe1>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01440.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3994dfa3-042a-41bc-b976-8e5a99ddba12>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1046/j.1365-2699.1999.00363.x>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3a87a3e6-3e40-4a5d-8b61-2071f8cfadbe>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034025>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/3bffd087-0af7-47d7-8a00-a21f0fc63569>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1126/science.1085046>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/41a1d67f-e2ba-4cb0-857f-8fce73368301>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.2307/1932762>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/43afbc10-9da8-467e-b65f-448599b05dd0>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.1371/journal.pone.0167506>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/44cdf44a-701f-4752-9980-cd02c4542d08>.

<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   cito:cites <https://data.globalchange.gov/article/10.2307/1312230>;
   biro:references <https://data.globalchange.gov/reference/465fa644-f252-49a8-ae70-b1a8ca976c04>.



<https://data.globalchange.gov/report/nca4/chapter/southeast/finding/key-message-19-3>
   prov:wasDerivedFrom <https://data.globalchange.gov/scenario/rcp_8_5>.