Figure : indicators-and-impacts

Climate Indicators and Impacts

Figure 20.2

Government of Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources Coastal Zone Management Program, The University of Arizona Center for Climate Adaptation Science and Solutions, U.S. Forest Service International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Amanda J. Leinberger, Vanessa I. Marrero-Santiago, Isabel K. Parés-Ramos

This figure appears in chapter 20 of the Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II report.

(top) Key indicators for monitoring climate variability and change in the U.S. Caribbean include sea level rise, ocean temperature and acidity, air temperature, rainfall patterns, frequency of extreme events, and changes in wildlife habitats. (bottom) Changes in these climate indicators result in environmental and social impacts to natural ecosystems, infrastructure, and society, including degradation of coral and marine habitats, increased coastal flooding and erosion, decrease in agricultural productivity, water supply shortages, negative effects on communities’ livelihoods and on human health, as well as economic challenges and decreased tourism appeal. Source: Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources.

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This figure was created on March 27, 2018.

This figure was submitted on December 06, 2018.

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