Figure : testnc4_1

Ocean Chemistry and Temperature

Figure 20.5

University of New Hampshire, University of Puerto Rico, U.S. Geological Survey
Adam Terando, Melissa Meléndez Oyola, Julio M. Morell

This figure appears in chapter 20 of the Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II report.

This figure represents an annual time series from 1993 to 2016 of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2; black line) , sea surface temperature (red line), and seawater pH (blue line) for the Caribbean region. The Caribbean ocean is subject to changes in surface pH and temperature due to the increase in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. The oceans have the capacity to not only absorb heat from the air (leading to ocean warming) but also to absorb some of the CO2 in the atmosphere, causing more acidic (lower pH) oceans. Continued ocean acidification and warming have potentially detrimental consequences for marine life and dependent coastal communities in the Caribbean islands. Source: University of Puerto Rico.

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The time range for this figure is January 01, 1993 (00:00 AM) to December 31, 2016 (00:00 AM).

This figure was created on May 31, 2017.

This figure was submitted on December 06, 2018.

The spatial range for this figure is 15° to 30° latitude, and 60° to 90° longitude.

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