Figure : usc_coral-nurseries

: Coral Farming Can Increase the Extent and Diversity of Coral Reefs

Figure 20.11

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Office of Protected Resources, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Lisamarie Carrubba, Carlos Pacheco

This figure appears in chapter 20 of the Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II report.

Examples of coral farming in the U.S. Caribbean and Florida demonstrate different types of structures used for growing fragments from branching corals. Coral farming is a strategy meant to improve the reef community and ecosystem function, including for fish species. The U.S Caribbean Islands, Florida, Hawai‘i, and the U.S.-Affiliated Pacific Islands face similar threats from coral bleaching and mortality due to warming ocean surface waters and ocean acidification. Degradation of coral reefs is expected to negatively affect fisheries and the economies that depend on them as habitat is lost in both regions. While coral farming may provide some targeted recovery, current knowledge and efforts are not nearly advanced enough to compensate for projected losses from bleaching and acidification. Photo credits: (top left) Carlos Pacheco, USFWS; (bottom left) NOAA; (right) Florida Fish and Wildlife (CC BY-ND 2.0).

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This figure was created on April 03, 2018.

This figure was submitted on December 06, 2018.

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