reference : Drivers, dynamics, and control of emerging vector-borne zoonotic diseases

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Emerging vector-borne diseases are an important issue in global health. Many vector-borne pathogens have appeared in new regions in the past two decades, while many endemic diseases have increased in incidence. Although introductions and emergence of endemic pathogens are often considered to be distinct processes, many endemic pathogens are actually spreading at a local scale coincident with habitat change. We draw attention to key differences between dynamics and disease burden that result from increased pathogen transmission after habitat change and after introduction into new regions. Local emergence is commonly driven by changes in human factors as much as by enhanced enzootic cycles, whereas pathogen invasion results from anthropogenic trade and travel where and when conditions (eg, hosts, vectors, and climate) are suitable for a pathogen. Once a pathogen is established, ecological factors related to vector characteristics can shape the evolutionary selective pressure and result in increased use of people as transmission hosts. We describe challenges inherent in the control of vector-borne zoonotic diseases and some emerging non-traditional strategies that could be effective in the long term.
Author Kilpatrick, A. M.; Randolph, S. E.
Author Address Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.
DOI 10.1016/s0140-6736(12)61151-9
Date Dec 1
ISSN 1474-547X
Issue 9857
Journal The Lancet
Keywords Animals; Blood-Borne Pathogens; Climate Change; Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology/ prevention & control/transmission; Disease Vectors; Humans; Incidence; Risk Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Tick Infestations/epidemiology; World Health; Zoonoses/ epidemiology
Language eng
Notes Kilpatrick, A Marm Randolph, Sarah E R01 AI090159/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. Review England Nihms495681 Lancet. 2012 Dec 1;380(9857):1946-55. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61151-9.
PMCID PMC3739480
Pages 1946-1955
Title Drivers, dynamics, and control of emerging vector-borne zoonotic diseases
Volume 380
Year 2012
Bibliographic identifiers
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