reference : Opportunities for improved promotion of ecosystem services in agriculture under the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

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/report/nca4/reference/7efe0402-f8bc-4f47-b946-3d0cd6478381
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract In this study, we focus on water quality as a vehicle to illustrate the role that the water, energy, and food (WEF) Nexus perspective may have in promoting ecosystem services in agriculture. The mediation of water quality by terrestrial systems is a key ecosystem service for a range of actors (municipalities, fishers, industries, and energy providers) and is reshaped radically by agricultural activity. To address these impacts, many programs exist to promote improved land-use practices in agriculture; however, where these practices incur a cost or other burden to the farmer, adoption can be low unless some form of incentive is provided (as in a payment for ecosystem services (PES) program). Provision of such incentives can be a challenge to sustain in the long term, if there is not a clear beneficiary or other actor willing to provide them. Successfully closing the loop between impacts and incentives often requires identifying a measurable and valuable service with a clear central beneficiary that is impacted by the summative effects of the diffuse agricultural practices across the landscape. Drawing on cases from our own research, we demonstrate how the WEF Nexus perspective—by integrating non-point-source agricultural problems under well-defined energy issues—can highlight central beneficiaries of improved agricultural practice, where none may have existed otherwise.
Author Bell, Andrew; Matthews, Nathanial; Zhang, Wei
DOI 10.1007/s13412-016-0366-9
Date March 01
ISSN 2190-6491
Issue 1
Journal Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
Pages 183-191
Title Opportunities for improved promotion of ecosystem services in agriculture under the Water-Energy-Food Nexus
Type of Article journal article
Volume 6
Year 2016
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 25369
_uuid 7efe0402-f8bc-4f47-b946-3d0cd6478381