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   dcterms:identifier "key-message-16-1";
   gcis:findingNumber "16.1"^^xsd:string;
   gcis:findingStatement "Observing networks and high-resolution models are now available to construct coastal carbon budgets. Efforts have focused primarily on quantifying the net air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>), but some studies have estimated other key fluxes, such as the exchange between shelves and the open ocean."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:isFindingOf <>;
   gcis:isFindingOf <>;

## Properties of the finding:
   gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "Observing networks are in place along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic coasts of North America and the U.S. Gulf Coast (Alin et al., 2015; Bates et al., 2006, 2011; Cai et al., 2010a; Chen et al., 2013; Cross et al., 2014a; Dai et al., 2013; DeGrandpre et al., 2002; Evans et al., 2011, 2012, 2015b; Hales et al., 2005, 2012; Jiang et al., 2008; Mucci et al., 2010; Najjar et al., 2018; Robbins et al., 2009, 2014; Salisbury et al., 2008b, 2009; Shadwick et al., 2010, 2011; Vandemark et al., 2011; Wang et al., 2013, 2017).<br><br>Regional models are in place for the same regions (Cahill et al., 2016; Fennel et al., 2008; Fiechter et al., 2014; Pilcher et al., 2018; Previdi et al., 2009; Turi et al., 2014; Xue et al., 2016).<br><br>The emphasis on quantifying air-sea exchange is illustrated by the fact that the references listed in Table 16.1 all provide an estimate of this flux, but few provide estimates of other fluxes. Few studies exist that do provide estimates of carbon exchange between shelves and open ocean; they include Fennel and Wilkin (2009), Barth et al. (2002), Hales et al. (2006), Xue et al. (2016), and Najjar et al. (2018)."^^xsd:string;
   gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "This key message essentially contains statements of fact. Hence, this statement is not considered uncertain."^^xsd:string;

   a gcis:Finding .

## This finding cites the following entities:

   prov:wasDerivedFrom <>.