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finding 6.1 : key-message-6-1
Broadened Approaches—A range of social scientific research approaches, including people-centered analyses of energy use, governance, vulnerability, scenarios, social-ecological systems, sociotechnical transitions, social networks, and social practices, complements physical science research and informs decision making. Approaches that are people centered and multidisciplinary emphasize that carbon-relevant decisions are often not about energy, transportation, infrastructure, or agriculture, as such, but rather about style, daily living, comfort, convenience, health, and other priorities (very high confidence).
This finding is from chapter 6 of Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report.
Description of evidence base: For Key Finding 1, physical scientific research has produced extensive information on the so-called greenhouse effect, the overall warming of the global climate, and the contribution made to climate change by human-caused emissions of heat-trapping gases; studies of the carbon cycle have confirmed that carbon is being emitted to the atmosphere from human activities. Research that starts with this framing has quantified sectors and activities where mitigation of climate change is technically possible. Yet the ideal global policies, national commitments, and implementation of such policies have not taken place to the degree necessary to substantially reduce emissions. Relevant social science research is needed to understand feasible pathways to both mitigation and adaptation actions using a framing that is centered on people. This need has been increasingly recognized by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) and other international, regional, and local organizations concerned with climate change. See Section 6.1; Section 6.2; and Section 6.11 for a more detailed description of the evidence base and relevant citations.
New information and remaining uncertainties: Uncertainties include the degree to which societies are vulnerable to climate change, the systematic implications of various candidate actions and policies in specific places, and the capacity and willingness of human institutions and individuals to act.
Assessment of confidence based on evidence: Evidence from the existing body of social scientific research has identified feasible pathways to mitigation with very high confidence.
ProvenanceThis finding was derived from figure P.2: P.2. Likelihood and Confidence Evaluation
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