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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> . @prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> . @prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> . @prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> . @prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> . <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report/chapter/social-science-perspectives-on-carbon/finding/key-message-6-4> dcterms:identifier "key-message-6-4"; gcis:findingNumber "6.4"^^xsd:string; gcis:findingStatement "<em>Governance Systems</em>—Research that examines governance at multiple formal levels (international, national, state/province, cities, other communities) as well as informal processes will identify overlaps and gaps and deepen understanding of effective processes and opportunities involved in carbon management, including a focus on benefits such as health, traffic management, agricultural sustainability, and reduced inequality <em>(medium confidence)</em>."^^xsd:string; gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report/chapter/social-science-perspectives-on-carbon>; gcis:isFindingOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report>; ## Properties of the finding: gcis:descriptionOfEvidenceBase "As global, “top-down,” effective climate change or carbon management policy has proven elusive and likely not to meet goals, Key Finding 4 shows that attention has turned to governance (but not limited to formal governments), including networks, social processes, cultural norms and values, and multilevel steering institutions. In urban areas and agricultural spaces, this research has proven fruitful in identifying insights into how policies are formed and implemented as people pursue their own goals while changing in response to economic, regulatory, and other social changes. Research shows that co-benefits are often important—benefits such as health, traffic management, comfort and convenience, agricultural sustainability, and reduced inequality. See Section 6.3 for a more detailed description of governance systems research and relevant citations. Each place or network or governance arrangement is a complex system, but patterns can be discerned. Analysis of social, technological, and ecological circumstances can lead to tailored approaches and pathways to effective carbon management. See Section 6.6; Section 6.70; and Section 6.8, for more detailed descriptions of the evidence base for Key Finding 4, as well as relevant citations."^^xsd:string; gcis:assessmentOfConfidenceBasedOnEvidence "Research confirms the importance of governance. However, because of the complexity and diversity of different societies in different places, and at least the partial lack of research to identify patterns of governance important for carbon management, a level of medium confidence has been assessed."^^xsd:string; gcis:newInformationAndRemainingUncertainties "Uncertainties arise from the diverse circumstances of places and societies. Research may not identify important factors in candidate strategies for carbon management, even with the knowledge that “one size does not fit all.”"^^xsd:string; a gcis:Finding . ## This finding cites the following entities: <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report/chapter/social-science-perspectives-on-carbon/finding/key-message-6-4> prov:wasDerivedFrom <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report/chapter/preface/figure/figurep-4>.