Figure : assessments-of-lock-in-related-to-different-types-of-co2-emitting-infrastructure

Assessments of Lock-In Related to Different Types of Infrastructure Emitting Carbon Dioxide

Figure 4.5

This figure appears in chapter 4 of the Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report report.

Different fossil fuel–burning infrastructures are plotted according to their historical lifetime (x-axis) and the carbon price (in dollars per ton of CO2) required to equalize the marginal cost of existing infrastructure (mainly fuel) with the total levelized cost (i.e., including capital and operating expenses) of a low-carbon replacement (y-axis). Circle sizes reflect the cumulative future emissions of each type of infrastructure that are in excess of what that infrastructure can emit under a 2°C climate scenario. Colors are qualitative indicators of the techno-institutional resistance of that type of infrastructure to unlocking (e.g., stocks of very specific intellectual capital, established subsidies, entrenched social norms, large supporting infrastructures, and political influence). Key: ICE, internal combustion engine; BF, blast furnace; BOF, basic oxygen furnace; Gt, gigaton. [Figure source: Redrawn from Seto et al., 2016 (originally adapted from Erickson et al., 2015), used with permission.

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This figure was created on June 04, 2018.

This figure was submitted on February 11, 2019.

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