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@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> . @prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> . @prefix gcis: <http://data.globalchange.gov/gcis.owl#> . @prefix cito: <http://purl.org/spar/cito/> . @prefix biro: <http://purl.org/spar/biro/> . @prefix prov: <http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#> . <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report/chapter/understanding-urban-carbon-fluxes/table/scientifically-based-urban-carbon-estimation-studies-in-north-american-cities> dcterms:identifier "scientifically-based-urban-carbon-estimation-studies-in-north-american-cities"; gcis:isTableOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report>; gcis:tableNumber "4.1"^^xsd:string; dcterms:title "Scientifically Based Urban Carbon Estimation Studies in North American Cities"^^xsd:string; gcis:hasCaption "Notes<br>(a) In-boundary refers to fluxes exchanged within a geographic boundary of a city (equivalent to scope 1); scope 2 refers to fluxes from power production facilities allocated to the electricity consumption within the boundary of a city; scope 3 refers to fluxes from the production of goods and services consumed within the boundary of a city.<br>\r\n(b) Estimation Technique refers to the measurement or modeling approach taken to estimate or report emissions. “Activity-EF” refers to the combination of activity data (i.e., proxies of fuel consumption) and emissions factors to estimate fluxes. “Fuel statistics” refers to methods that use estimated fuel consumption and carbon content to estimate fluxes. “Downscaling” refers to the use of estimates at larger scales downscaled to the urban scale via spatial proxies or scaling factors. “Direct flux” refers to in situ flux measurement distinct from eddy flux approaches, such as measurement of stack flue gases.<br>\r\n(c) Sectors Estimated refers to the categories of emissions included in the study. They can be broadly referred to as residential, commercial, industrial, transportation (includes onroad, nonroad, airport and aircraft, waterborne, and rail), electricity production, and biosphere (includes photosynthesis and respiration). “All FF” refers to all emissions related to fossil fuel combustion (all sectors).<br>\r\n(d) 14CO2, radioisotopic carbon dioxide; CO, carbon monoxide; CH4, methane."^^xsd:string; gcis:isTableOf <https://data.globalchange.gov/report/second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report/chapter/understanding-urban-carbon-fluxes>; gcis:hasArray <https://data.globalchange.gov/array/75c83c89-fef9-47da-a4f1-e68f4d7df040>; a gcis:Table .